Welfare states in transition: national adaptations in global economies
Sage, 28 mai 1996 - 276 pages
Published in Association with UNRISD, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development This wide-ranging comparative analysis of contemporary and future changes in welfare states examines the different trajectories of the welfare states of Europe, North America, the Antipodes, and the emerging scenarios in Latin America, East Asia, and central and eastern Europe. Leading experts from these regions explore the current structures of social protection, consider the causes of the current welfare state crisis, and highlight evolving trends for welfare policy. The emerging picture is one of varied policy choices in each region. Contributors argue that anxieties about population aging as a cause of welfare decline are exaggerated and that the key issue for welfare states is enabling women to work and form families simultaneously. They suggest that the neoliberal strategy of deregulation and heightened inequality is no real solution because its negative side effects. The authors conclude that a viable positive-sum solution would involve social investment strategies, offering guarantees against entrapment in poverty or low-paying jobs. Professionals and researchers in comparative social policy, sociology, economics and political science will find Welfare States in Transition an invaluable resource.
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Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economies
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active labour market Argentina Australia average basic Brazil Canada Central and Eastern Chile Chilean compared Confucian contributions Costa Rica countries coverage crisis decades decline democracy earnings East Asian economic employers enterprises entitlements Esping-Andersen Europe favour Finland full employment funds Germany growth income maintenance increased industrial inequality institutions investment Italy Japan Japanese Korea labour costs labour force labour market Latin American levels liberal male means-tested ment Mesa-Lago minimum wage nations neoliberal OECD pension pension system political population postwar poverty problem programmes redistributive reduced reform regimes region replacement rates schemes sector social assistance social democratic social expenditure social insurance social policy social protection social security social welfare strategy structure subsidies Sweden Swedish Taiwan traditional transfers trends unemployment benefits unions United universalistic University Press wage earners welfare system welfare traps Western women workers Zealand
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