World in Transition: Towards Sustainable Energy Systems

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Earthscan, 2004 - Nature - 242 pages
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'The publication of World in Transition: Towards Sustainable Energy Systems is timely indeed. The World Summit on Sustainable Development gave great prominence to this challenge, but failed to agree on a quantitative, time-bound target for the introduction of renewable energy sources. The German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) has now produced a report with a global focus, which is essential in view of the global impacts of climate change. The report provides a convincing long-term analysis, which is also essential. Global energy policies have to take a long-term perspective, over the next 50 to 100 years, while providing concrete guidance for decision-makers to implement now. There is an urgent need to secure energy supplies for the 2.4 billion people who still depend upon traditional biomass, while avoiding dangerous climatic changes. Our one world must close the gap between industrialized countries' surfeit and developing countries' poverty. Policies will need to consider both the broader environmental and specific climate constraints. I recommend this book very warmly to everyone concerned with global energy issues' Klaus Topfer, Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme World in Transition: Towards Sustainable Energy Systems underscores the urgent need to transform global energy systems so that the world's population has access to energy based on renewable sources. This is necessary to protect the global climate and to free those in developing countries trapped by energy poverty. Such an approach would also yield a peace dividend by reducing dependence upon regionally concentrated oil reserves. The authors stress that such a reconfiguration of energy systems is both feasible and fundable if rapid and resolute action is taken in the coming two decades. To this end, they propose a roadmap with specific milestones, making this an indispensable contribution to the scientific and policy debates on these critical issues and essential reading for those engaged with them.
 

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Contents

Summary for policymakers
3
Introduction
11
Table 3
14
41 Energy carrier usage as a function of household income in developing
24
61 OPECs role as an energy policy actor
31
Technologies and their sustainable potential
43
11 Types of potential
44
The example of India
62
21 Quotas tradable quotas green energy certificates
150
24 Planned emissions trading in the EU
163
31 Elements of a World Energy Charter
170
32 Compatibility of the Kyoto Protocol with WTO rules
187
33 Strategic partnerships for global energy system transformation launched
193
Research for energy system transformation
197
Policy objectives time
207
References
217

An exemplary path for the sustainable transformation
97
31 Guard rails for sustainable energy policy
108
Paths towards globally sustainable
143
11 Guiding principles for the WBGU transformation strategy
144
Glossary
231
Index
238
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About the author (2004)

A. Barrie Pittockis one of the world’s leading scientists in atmospheric research and the author of over 200 scientific papers. He was a senior scientist with CSIRO for over 30 years where he led the Climate Impact Group in the 1990s. In 1999 he w

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