West Indian Slavery and British Abolition, 1783-1807
This book challenges conventional wisdom regarding the political and economic motivations behind the final decision to abolish the British slave trade in 1807. Recent historians believe that this first blow against slavery was the result of social changes inside Britain and pay little attention to the important developments that took place inside the West Indian slave economy. David Beck Ryden's research illustrates that a faltering sugar economy after 1799 tipped the scales in favor of the abolitionist argument and helped secure the passage of abolition. Ryden examines the economic arguments against slavery and the slave trade that were employed in the writings of Britain's most important abolitionists. Using a wide range of economic and business data, this study deconstructs the assertions made by both abolitionists and antiabolitionists regarding slave management, the imperial economy, and abolition.
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abolition abolitionists absentees American Revolution antislavery argued argument Atlantic Slave Trade Beckford beneﬁt bill Britain British Caribbean British slave trade British sugar British West Indies Cambridge cane Capitalism and Slavery Caribbean Clarkson colonial system Committee Crop Accounts debate Domingue DUSC duties Edward Long eighteenth century Engerman estimates exports February February 27 ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁrst foreign George Hibbert historians House hundredweight important island Jamaica Jamaican planters James Chisholme Kingston labor Letter Letterbook lobby London Lord Penrhyn mercantilist muscovado Nathaniel Phillips Negroes Ofﬁce output Parliament Parliamentary percent Pitt plantation Planters and Merchants political production Proﬁtability proﬁts Ragatz Ramsay reﬂected signiﬁcant Simon Taylor slave population Slebech Society of West Society’s speciﬁc Stephen Fuller sugar estates sugar planters sugar prices SWIPM Table Tharp University Press West India interest West India Merchants West India Planters West Indian William William Beckford women