Weston State Hospital
Weston State Hospital was a major mental institution in Weston, West Virginia. This study traces the history of the hospital from its construction in the 1860s to its closing in 1994. It was established as the Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, and then called the West Virginia Hospital for the Insane from 1863 to 1915. The building was designed following the Kirkbride plan, which would allow for a pleasant and orderly place of refuge for 250 patients. Gradual overcrowding led to its becoming a custodial facility for over 2300 patients by the 1950s. This study examines the management of the institution, the daily life of both patients and employees, and the methods of treatment offered, from gentle "moral treatment" to hydrotherapy, electric shock, lobotomy, and psychotropic medications. The effects of deinstitutionalization are discussed, including the numbers of mentally ill now among the homeless or held in jails and prisons.
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A wellordered institution
Deinstitutionalization Into the community the streets the jails
Voices from Weston
addiction aide Annual Report antipsychotic Armentrout began Biennial Report Bill Board of Control Charleston Gazette Clarksburg clean Collection West Virginia community mental health construction Control Report deinstitutionalization Department of Mental Directors doctor drugs employees federal floor funding Gilchrist-Stalnaker History Collection West History of Lewis History of Weston housekeeper Ibid Insane Kirkbride laughs Lewis County lobotomies Mad in America main building medications mental health mental hospitals mental institutions mental patients mentally ill Michael Todt interview nurse patients at Weston physicians population problems psychiatric recalled recreation department Regional History Collection remembered Ruth Lowther interview security guard Sharpe Hospital Shirley Mason Shirley Mason interview staff state’s substance abuse suicide superintendent supervised therapy Thomas Kirkbride tients tion town Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum Virginia and Regional Virginia University Libraries ward West Virginia Hospital West Virginia University Weston Democrat Weston Hospital Weston State Hospital woman