Wetlands, Water and the Law: Using Law to Advance Wetland Conservation and Wise Use

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IUCN, 1999 - Law - 332 pages
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This publication sets wetlands in their scientific, economic and legal context, before describing the main legal issues involved in implementing the Ramsar Convention. Parts 3-6 take an increasingly broad focus, dealing respectively with site-specific and bioregional approaches to wetland management, generally-applicable techniques for managing damaging processes and activities and, lastly, regional and international frameworks for cooperation. The book complements the recent work of scientists and economists by describing how laws and institutions can work for (or against) wetland conservation and wise use. Each chapter makes the link between international legal obligations and national or local mechanisms for delivering implementation. Drawing on national practice around the world, the book illustrates how different legal approaches and techniques can be adapted to widely-varying national conditions and capabilities. Key components for legal and institutional frameworks suited to the challenge of wise use implementations are set out in the conclusion.

 

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Contents

What are Wetlands and Why Do They Matter?
3
Extent and Causes
13
The Emergence of Legal Responses at International Level
27
National Planning for Wetland Conservation and Wise Use
45
Reviewing Law and Institutions Relevant to Wetlands
59
Building Institutional Coordination and Awareness
71
Developing Legal Frameworks for Wise Use
79
Application of Sitespecific Conservation Measures to Wetlands
99
PARTY
215
Environmental Impact Assessment of Programmes and Projects
221
Designing Permit Systems to Minimise Loss of Wetland Area and Function
227
Developing Legal Techniques to Regulate or Manage Damaging Processes
237
Using Economic Incentives and Contractual Agreements to Promote Wise Use
247
Compliance Enforcement and Remedies
259
Legal Frameworks for Regional and International Cooperation
269
Management of Transboundary Wetlands and Regional Networks
281

Adapting Protected Area Instruments to Wetland Characteristics
115
Legislative Techniques for Protecting Larger Wetlands
127
Other Mechanisms for Sitespecific Conservation of Wetlands
145
Generalised Protection of Wetland Habitat Types
163
Integrating Wetland Conservation and Wise Use into Landuse Planning
183
Integrating Wetland Conservation and Wise Use into River Basin Management
191
Integrating Wetland Conservation and Wise Use into Coastal Area Management
209
Management of Wetlanddependent Species
289
Strengthening the Effectiveness of International Cooperation
297
General Issues for Consideration
309
Selected Bibliography
317
Abbreviations
323
Copyright

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