What Designers Know
Each chapter deals with a different technique from which we can best represent and make explicit the forms of knowledge used by designers. The book explores whether design knowledge is special, and attempts to get to the root of where design knowledge comes from. Crucially, it focuses on how designers use drawings in communicating their ideas and how they ‘converse’ with them as their designs develop. It also shows how experienced designers use knowledge differently to novices suggesting that design ‘expertise’ can be developed. Overall, this book builds a layout of the kinds of skill, knowledge and understanding that make up what we call designing.
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1 Uncovering design knowledge
2 Why might design knowledge be special?
3 Sources and types of knowledge
4 Drawings and types of design knowledge
5 Manipulating design knowledge embedded in drawings
6 Exchanging design knowledge with computers
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able actually analysis appear architect architecture argument brief building Carlo Scarpa chapter characteristics chess clearly clients cognitive science communicate complex course creative describe design conversations design drawings design ideas design problems design process design protocols design students design thinking DESIGN WHAT DESIGNERS designer’s DESIGNERS KNOW detail Donald Schon DRAWINGS AND TYPES episodic memory Eva Jiricna example EXCHANGING DESIGN KNOWLEDGE experience experiential knowledge explore fact Frank Gehry Gehry Goel graphical Herman Hertzberger John Outram Ken Yeang KNOWLEDGE IN DESIGN KNOWLEDGE WHAT DESIGNERS KNOWLEDGE WITH COMPUTERS language Lawson MacCormac manipulate memory Michael Wilford nature of design Nigel Cross novices objects particular perhaps play precedent programs proposition drawings recognize rely remember representation Richard MacCormac Robert Venturi role Santiago Calatrava Scarpa schemata Schon seems seen sequence showed simply situation sketch solving structure suggests symbolic technique theoretical things tion understand users words