What Was the Importance of the Skyline of the Major Cities of Tuscany and How Were They Shaped and to What Effect?
GRIN Verlag, Sep 26, 2007 - 32 pages
Essay from the year 2005 in the subject Art - Architecture / History of Construction, grade: 74 out of 80, University of Essex, 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In this essay, I shall depict one of the reasons for and ways of shaping the city during the Italian renaissance. I will be looking at the architecture of a handful of Tuscany's bigger and smaller cities and the way they represented themselves throughout the centuries. What were the major differences between them, and what did they have in common? Referring to the title and taking the skyline as a measure to differentiate, I shall show and explain the motivations to build the significant buildings of these cities. Starting with Lucca, Siena, Volterra and San Gimignano in comparison, however, the focus in the end will be on Florence as the major Tuscan city. Where possible, pictures will be given to help visualising my arguments and for better understanding. The German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel once uttered in one of his lectures on the philosophy of art the statement: "Architecture is symbolic; it reflects the spirit." Especially for the cities of Tuscany, before, during and after the renaissance I think this sentence is very true. In no other way we can trace the way a city has seen itself so directly as by its architecture. Their symbolic character is a perfect source for they way the city's inhabitants thought and searched to express themselves at that time. If we imagine ourselves to be back in the 14th or 15th century in central Italy, the paradigms for what was important need to be reset onto a totally different level. To make a provocative statement, our time is dominated by overstimulation, freedom of choice and a life of plenty, making us insensitive and indifferent towards sensations and unable to measure the greatness of some things in life. Back in the early renaissance, the meaning of faith, power, wealth and life itself was bigger. The dimension of a b
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