What fundamentals drive world migration?
United Nations University, World Institute for Development Economics Research, 2003 - Social Science - 23 pages
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aggregate migration average of ratio Borjas capita income cent rise Central America century coefficient implies compensating differential country/year demographic fundamentals destination countries drive world migration dummy equals East Asia eastern economic and demographic education-adjusted emigration rates f statistics family reunification five year average friends and relatives GDP per capita gini coefficient Hatton and Williamson illegal immigrants immigration policy ImStck income effect inequality international migration labour market migrant stock migration cost migration pressure migration rates negative effect NetMigRate OECD Pooled OLS regression poor countries population aged 15-29 positive effect positive selection potential migrants poverty constraint power parity adjusted previous immigrants purchasing power parity quota real wage reduce migration refugees region return to skills share skill level source country population South America statistics in parentheses stock of previous sub-Saharan Africa Table theories of migration thousand of source trends UNU/WIDER wage rates wage ratio weighted average western Europe Williamson 1998