What is Philosophy?: An Introduction

Front Cover
Dunedin, 2008 - Philosophy - 153 pages
It is difficult to see any common factors underlying all the different philosophies and movements of philosophy. The so-called 'great philosophers' seem to have little in common with each other. The history of western philosophy features a bewildering variety of philosophical movements that pop up from nowhere. Philosophy itself seems to be an unfathomable subject that applies everywhere and nowhere. This book makes sense of all these disparities and confusions. What is Philosophy? shows the importance of philosophy in our thoughts and our lives. It also makes clear the role that philosophy has played in making western culture so dominant in the early 21st century. The book presents an orderly view of philosophy, what it consists of, and where it appears to be going. The book also gives a unified view of how philosophy developed historically and how philosophy has often moved from dogmatism to scepticism and vice versa. Providing a comprehensive view of the whole field of philosophy, it is an ideal introduction for all those wishing to learn more about the subject.

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Horribly sexist.

Contents

Introduction
1
What philosophy is about How philosophy works The study of philosophy
15
Why philosophy arose among the Greeks Thales Anaximander Anaximenes
28
Socrates The trial of Socrates Plato The Republic Platos Dialogues
44
Berkeley The Scottish Enlightenment Hume Smith Reid Kant
78
Moore Russell Wittgenstein Heidegger Sartre Popper Quine Rorty
112
Philosophy of science Philosophy of psychology Political philosophy
127
Reality Knowledge Causation Induction Facts and values Personal
144
Copyright

About the author (2008)

Dr. Alistair J. Sinclair is an independent philosopher living in Glasgow. For many years, he taught philosophy courses for adult learners in the University of Strathclyde‚‚,¨‚,,Ęs Continuing Education programme.

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