White House Conference on Aging, 1961: Chart Book

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Page 16 - In the open country, however, this percentage was less than for any other dass of place. Although, in 1950 there was a relatively high concentration of older persons in the village population, it does not follow that a major part of the population 65 and over was to be found in villages. In fact only about 10 percent of the older population lived in villages. Urbanized Areas SIZE OF PLACE...
Page 8 - In the same period the number of middle-aged persons (45 to 64) increased from 10 million to 36 million. Persons 65 and over and those 45 to 64 constituted 4 percent and 14 percent, respectively, of the total population in 1900; by 1960 these percentages had increased to 9 percent and 20 percent. Population projections indicate a population 65 and over of 24.5 million in 1980 and a population 45 to 64 of nearly 44 million. If current levels of fertility persist to 1980, middle-aged and older persons...
Page 56 - Older persons spend about 26 million days in general hospitals each year. This represents 1,778 hospital days per 1,000 persons 65 and over, as compared with 661 days (excluding admissions for childbirth) per 1,000 persons under 65. Days of hospitalization are higher among older persons because admissions lire more frequent and the average stay is longer.
Page 54 - CHART 3 Heart disease, cancer, and stroke take the heaviest toll of life among the older segments of the population. Many of the deaths that occur in middle life or later are not preventable in view of our limited knowledge about some degenerative diseases. On the other hand, many premature deaths could be averted with preventive and therapeutic measures. Immunization against influenza would reduce fatalities among the aged and chronically ill. Incipient cancer sometimes develops slowly in older...
Page 18 - Although only one- fourth of the persons 65 and over have income from employment, the wide coverage of public programs providing income payments leaves but 5 percent of this age group without income from employment or public programs. The broadest program for persons 65 and over is OASI, now paying benefits to nearly 2 out of 3. The 1.7 million older persons who are dependent primarily on public aid, and those with no protection under social insurance and related programs, are concentrated at the...
Page 30 - They spent roughly 2} times as much per person for hospital care and drugs. Only for dental care were expenditures lower. These figures refer only to private expenditures of the noninstitutional population. They do not include heavy costs for terminal illness among persons living alone, the cost of care in nursing homes, mental hospitals, and other institutions — much of which is publicly financed — nor the value of care provided at no charge to the individual.
Page 11 - Criart 3 PROJECTED EXCESS OF WOMEN OVER MEN 10 THE NEXT 20 YEARS WILL SHOW A STRIKING INCREASE IN OLDER COUPLES AND WIDOWS "Women tend to live longer than men, marry younger than men, and remarry less frequently than men. The net result is a preponderance of widows at the upper age levels. Projections for 1960 indicate that at ages 75 and over about 7 out of every 10 women are widowed, as compared with about 4 out of every 1O men of this age.
Page 4 - Missouri 503, 411 23. 6 The aged as a percent of State population Percent National average 8. 9 Illinois 9.7 Missouri 11.7 Older persons (65 and over), 17 million in 1960, is expected to reach 25 million by 1980. Only 25 percent of persons 65 and over have income from employment. However, only 5 percent of this age group have no income from employment or public programs. Four out of five receive income from public programs. One-third of the aged live in rural areas. Money income per person — White...
Page 27 - OASI beneficiaries, four out of five couples and three out of five nonmarried beneficiaries had noncash income of one or more of the following types: an owned home or rent-free housing, food home-grown or obtained without cost, or medical care for which the beneficiary did not pay.J/ Others received some support from the children or relatives with whom they lived.

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