Wild Species as Commodities: Managing Markets And Ecosystems For Sustainability
In recent years, some policymakers and conservationists have argued that natural resources will be protected only if economic benefits accrue to those who are responsible for caring for the resources. Such commercial consumptive use of wild species (CCU) provides an economically viable alternative to more ecologically destructive land uses, and could help accomplish the overall goals of biodiversity conservation.Yet many questions remain: Will the harvest of wild species be sustainable? Will habitats be protected? What tradeoffs are implied for the populations and ecosystems under management? While this debate goes on, researchers and managers are confronting an array of real-world problems in managing harvested populations of wild species. Wild Species as Commodities presents a balanced, scientifically rigorous consideration of the link between CCU and biodiversity conservation. The outgrowth of a four-year World Wildlife Fund study, the book is both a synthesis of findings and a practical guide. Topics examined include:forestry, fisheries, sport hunting, and nontimber forest products the economics of wild species use social and institutional frameworks required for sustainability ecological impacts biodiversity consequences of ecosystem specialization conservation benefits of wild species use management principles and guideline.Wild Species as Commodities provides a primer on the CCU-biodiversity link, and an interdisciplinary analysis of the major economic, social, and ecological factors involved, along with guidelines for incorporating biodiversity conservation into commercial harvesting programs. It is a highly accessible source of information, concepts, and management approaches for professionals in resource management and wildlife conservation, and academics in conservation biology, environmental and ecological economics, and environmental studies.
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A Global Overview
Social and Institutional Issues
Biodiversity Consequences of Production Specialization
Conservation Benefits of Commercial Consumptive Use
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adaptive management Africa alternative animal aquaculture benefits biodiversity biodiversity conservation biodiversity values birds bycatch changes coastal commercial communities consumers consumptive costs decline degradation discount rate earth’s ecological ecological sustainability economic value ecosys ecosystem functions ecosystem valuations environmental example fish forest management forestry Freese genetic global goals greater habitat hectares herbivores human important incentives increase individual intensive investments keystone species land or water logging long-term maintain major management interventions markets ment million natural ecosystems natural forest net present value Nordic countries North America opportunity costs overexploitation ownership percent plantations population potential precautionary principle predators programs protected areas r-strategists recreational hunting reduce regions requires resource management resource owner result revenues safari hunting salmon significant socioeconomic species diversity square kilometers stakeholders stocks strategy sustainable offtake timber tion trade trees tropical forests ungulates waterfowl wetlands wild species commodities wildlife Zimbabwe