Will Privacy Law in the 21st Century Be American, European Or International?
Intermediate Examination Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: befriedigend, Queen Mary University of London (Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS)), course: International Studies in Intellectual Property Law (LL.M.) - End of first term dissertation, language: English, comment: "Any society that would give up a little liberty to gain a little security will deserve neither and loose both." Benjamin Franklin, abstract: Rapidly developing technologies are providing new and very powerful means to sort, combine and analyse data. This data exists in a networked environment, thus personal information can be collected and processed on any computer on the Net and is, at least in theory, accessible by every computer on the Net. The development of the Internet has made it possible to transfer this data "around the globe at the click of a mouse." Fresh business models such as "cloud computing," the newest "driver to illustrate the speed and breadth of the environment," allow this data to be processed across national borders on a routine basis. Individuals and companies are "increasingly immersed in social networking, search technologies, online commerce and many other activities in which information about an individual is sent worldwide from one point to another." These activities became more and more borderless, because the Internet, as an open window to the world, blurs the lines between public and private space, firstly since globalisation and the outsourcing of economic actors entrain an ever growing exchange of personal data, additionally because of the security pressure in the name of the legitimate fight against terrorism opens the access to a significant number of data to an increasing number of public authorities and finally this is due the tools of the digital society accompany everyone at each stage of life by leaving permanently individual and borderless traces in both space and time. Therefore, ca
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adequacy APEC Privacy Framework Article 25 biometric biometric passports Bygrave CoE Convention 108 Council Council of Europe cross-border data privacy Data Protection Law Decision DP Directive DP law DP legislation DP standards draft E-Commerce economic enforcement Europe European Commission European Parliament European Union Fair Information Practices following OECD framework for data fundamental rights global DP globalisation Greenleaf human rights implementation individuals instrument International agreements international law International Law Commission international legal framework Internet Kuner legally binding Madrid Resolution model law negotiations non-binding Nouwt OECD Privacy Guidelines organisations Parliament press release Passenger name records personal information Poullet Privacy Act Privacy Commissioner privacy law Privacy Protection processing of personal protect personal data protection of personal regime regional Reidenberg Safe Harbor Safe Harbor principles sector instruments SWIFT technologies Terwangne third countries transborder data flows Treaty of Lisbon U.S. authorities US-EU USA Patriot Act worldwide