With Malice Toward Some: How People Make Civil Liberties Judgments
Cambridge University Press, Sep 29, 1995 - Political Science - 288 pages
With Malice toward Some: How People Make Civil Liberties Judgments addresses an issue integral to democratic societies: how people faced with a complex variety of considerations decide whether or not to tolerate extremist groups. Relying on several survey-experiments, Marcus, Sullivan, Theiss-Morse, and Wood identify and compare the impact on decision making of contemporary information, long-standing predispositions, and enduring values and beliefs. Citizens react most strongly to information about a group's violations of behavioral norms and information about the implications for democracy of the group's actions. The authors conclude that democratic citizens should have a strong baseline of tolerance yet be attentive to and thoughtful about current information.
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action active allowed American analysis antecedent considerations appears argued asked attention attitudes basic behavioral intentions beliefs cause Chapter citizens civil liberties cognition contemporary information covariates democracy democratic norms democratic principles demonstrations discussed dislike effects elites emotional examine example expect experiment experimental feelings Figure findings Gray's greater hold impact important increase individuals influence instruction intensity intolerant issues Journal least-liked group less manipulation McClosky mean measures ments mood negative normative violations opinion paragraph particular people's perceived perceptions personality political tolerance positive predispositions presented pretest probability Psychology questions racist rallies reason reassuring response role scale scenario selected significant situation Social specific speech standing decisions strongly subjects suggests Table theory thoughts threat threatening tion tolerance judgments types University values variables