Women and Gender Relations in Kazakstan
Asian Development Bank, Jan 1, 1997 - Social Science - 138 pages
The Asian Development Bank has adopted a policy that emphasizes human resources development and cross-cutting social issues in program and project activities. Encouraging the participation of women in development is one of the Bank's key objectives. The Bank, therefore, in 1996, conducted a study on the impact of transition on women in conjunction with drafting its Country Operational Strategy for Kazakstan and other economic and sector work on children and on the social costs of transition. This report provides the results of the gender study and the implications for the Bank's programming and project activities. As one product, gender-related interventions are proposed for specific sectors within the Bank's assistance to Kazakstan.
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Demographic Ethnic and Legal Changes
Births to Single Mothers
Marriages and Divorces
20 other sections not shown
abortion activities Agriculture Almaty Aral Sea Asian Development Bank average Bank's program births centers childcare closure company towns declining decreased Deputy deterioration divestiture economic enterprises especially ethnic Kazak expenditure facilities female labor female pensioners Finance funds gender issues gender roles gender-related gender-sensitive gender-specific GOSKOMSTAT Government Graph handicapped healthcare higher education households impact improve income increased industry Kokshetau labor force labor market limited major maternal mortality ment Ministry of Labor mortality rate NGOs Oblast official organizations participation payments percent population poverty line preschool problems promote reform registered Rehabilitation restructuring result retraining rural areas schools Semipalatinsk single mothers small-scale social assistance Social Insurance social protection social safety social services SOROS Foundation Source Soviet staff survey Table targeting Tenge tion trade transition transport UNDP unemployed UNICEF urban wage woagn women entrepreneurs women in Kazakstan World Bank