Women in prehistory: North America and Mesoamerica
Cheryl Claassen, Rosemary A. Joyce
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997 - Business & Economics - 300 pages
During the 1960s, scholars constructed a model of cultural evolution in which men cooperated in the hunting of big game while women gathered plant food, "immobilized" by pregnancy and childcare. The essays in Women in Prehistory challenge this model as they reconsider women's social and economic roles, exploring the archaeological record to better understand the actions and status of prehistoric women. The fascinating case studies described here range from the earliest Paleoindian people to the societies present at the time of European contact in North America, societies as rich and varied as Maya and Chumash, Iroquois and Zapotec.
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Ethnoarchaeological Lessons from
Womens Work Womens Space and Womens Status
Where Have All the Menstrual Huts Gone? The Invisibility
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apparendy archaeological record archaeologists artifacts associated bone burials ceramic ceremonial changes Chipewyan Chumash Claassen clothing coastal Codex Nuttall contexts culture delta 13C depicted economic elders elite ethnographic ethnohistoric evidence exchange Figure figurines food preparation Gayton gender roles gender symbolism groups Hendon historic household hunting identified Illiniwek images indicate individuals interpretation Iroquoian Iroquois Jarvenpa Joyce labor Late Woodland Liette litde maize male and female marriage masks matrilocal Maya Mazatan men's menstrual huts menstrual seclusion Mesoamerica Mississippian Mixtec Mixtec woman Mother organization patterns Pithouse population pottery Powers Phase prehistoric Pueblo region relationships representations represented ritual sedentism Sepulturas setdement sex roles sexual shell shellfish social societies Southeast spatial spindle spinning and weaving spinning bowl status structure studies style subsistence suggests symbolism textile production Timucua tion Tomb trade Tubatulabal Turner two-spirits undertakers village warfare wife-providers wife-receivers women Yokuts young Zaachila Zapotec