Women's Education in Developing Countries: Barriers, Benefits, and Policies

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Elizabeth M. King, M. Anne Hill
World Bank Publications, Jul 1, 1997 - Social Science - 337 pages
Why do women in most developing countries lag behind men in literacy? Why do women get less schooling than men? This anthology examines the educational decisions that deprive women of an equal education. It assembles the most up-to-date data, organized by region. Each paper links the data with other measures of economic and social development. This approach helps explain the effects different levels of education have on womens' fertility, mortality rates, life expectancy, and income. Also described are the effects of women's education on family welfare. The authors look at family size and women's labor status and earnings. They examine child and maternal health, as well as investments in children's education. Their investigation demonstrates that women with a better education enjoy greater economic growth and provide a more nurturing family life. It suggests that when a country denies women an equal education, the nation's welfare suffers. Current strategies used to improve schooling for girls and women are examined in detail. The authors suggest an ambitious agenda for educating women. It seeks to close the gender gap by the next century. Published for The World Bank by The Johns Hopkins University Press.

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Page 3 - a person is literate who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement on his everyday life...
Page 279 - ANDERSON (1982) The participation of women in education in the Third World, in: G.
Page vii - The education of her daughters then makes it much more likely that the next generation of girls, as well as of boys, will be educated and healthy. The vicious cycle is thus transformed into a virtuous circle.
Page v - I have become convinced that once all the benefits are recognized, investment in the education of girls may well be the highest-return investment available in the developing world.
Page 207 - National, Institutional and Household Factors Affecting Young Girls' School Attendance in Developing Societies. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women and US Agency for International Development.
Page vi - ... are deprived of an education. Parents in low-income countries fail to invest in their daughters because they do not expect them to make an economic contribution to the family: girls grow up only to marry into somebody else's family and bear children. Girls are thus less valuable than boys and are kept at home to do chores while their brothers are sent to school — the prophecy...
Page 98 - Studying the Impact of Household Economics and Community Variables on Child Mortality." In WH Mosley and LC Chen, eds., Child Survival. Supplement to Population and Development Review, vol. 10. 1987. "School Expenditures and Enrollments, 1960-1980.
Page 262 - The time spent in any one activity is determined not only by age, mortality, and morbidity but also by the amount of switching between activities. Women spend less time in the labor force than men and, therefore, have less incentive to invest in market skills; tourists spend little time in any one area and have less incentive than residents of the area to invest in knowledge of specific consumption...
Page 12 - A better-educated mother has fewer and better-educated children. She is more productive at home and in the workplace. And she raises a healthier family, since she can better apply improved hygiene and nutritional practices. Education can even substitute for community health programs by informing women about health care and personal hygiene, and it can complement such programs by raising income and promoting greater recognition of the value of these services. [ ] So important is the influence of mothers'...

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