Wood Finishing: Comprising Staining, Varnishing, & Polishing with Engravings and Diagrams

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Paul Nooncree Hasluck
D. McKay, 1908 - Grinding and polishing - 160 pages
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Page 85 - ... hard. The process may be repeated almost indefinitely, daily or at longer intervals, till, a polish which is deemed sufficient appears. For example, take a table top, rub some oil well into it, and then polish with a rubber formed by wrapping some baize, felt, or similar material round a brick or other suitable block, the purpose of which is, by its weight, to some extent to relieve the polisher from using his muscles in applying pressure. The rubbing should be continued till the surface of the...
Page 134 - ... tedious process of repeated filtration. M. Peltz recommends the following method : Shellac, 1 part, is dissolved in alcohol, 8 parts, and allowed to stand for a few hours. Powdered chalk is then added in quantity equal to half the weight of shellac in the solution, and the latter is heated to 60 R.
Page 18 - ... decoction. Thus, for instance, the well-known huckleberry, or blueberry (Vaccinium), when boiled down, with an addition of a little alum and a, solution of copperas, will develop an excellent blue color. The same treatment, with a solution of nut-galls, produces a clean dark brown tint, while with alum, verdigris, and sal ammoniac, various shades of purple and red can be obtained.
Page 93 - ... several times with the polish rubber to prevent the grain from rising, and then saturate a small tuft of wadding with 3 parts of methylated spirits to 1 part of polish ; on this wadding place a small quantity of vandyke brown or brown umber, mix well, and carefully wipe over the light portions, thinning out with spirits if too dark, picking up a little more colour if not dark enough, adding a little black if required. Matching stains are used in French polishing because light and dark places...
Page 162 - Painters' Oils Colors and Varnishes. With Numerous Illustrations. Contents. — Painters' Oils. Color and Pigments. White Pigments. Blue Pigments. Chrome Pigments. Lake Pigments. Green Pigments. Red Pigments. Brown and Black Pigments. Yellow and Orange Pigments. Bronze Colors. Driers. Paint Grinding and Mixing. Gums, Oils, and Solvents for Varnishes. Varnish Manufacture. Index. Practical Plumbers
Page 94 - ... suitable pigments, a red tinge being usually given by the addition of a few drops of Bismarck brown stain. Though it is possible to proceed to polish direct, yet it would be safer to set the stain by giving a coat of thin spirit varnish, and allow this to get quite dry before polishing. In matching-up satin walnut, the polisher must use judgment, for the work can hardly be regarded as mechanical.
Page 18 - The bark treated in the same way produces a brown. Yellow can be obtained from the bark of the apple tree, the box, the ash, the buckthorn, the poplar, elm, &c., when boiled in water and treated with alum. A lively • green is furnished by the broom-corn, (Spartium' scoparium ;) and brownish-green by the Genista.
Page 81 - ... can be produced. The final polish is best done with a perfectly clean rubber, and three sets of cloths or rubbers may be used. With the first the mixture is to be rubbed on the wood, with the second it is to be rubbed off till a fair amount of polish is got, while with the third the rubbing should be continued till the surface is as bright as it can be got. The directions which have been given should enable any one to wax-polish wood successfully. Hard dry rubbing, with energetic application,...
Page 84 - ... extended over some weeks. Patience and energetic application are still more essential than with wax polishing, for to get even the semblance of a polish or gloss within a week or two with the aid of oil must not be expected. How long does it take to finish a thing properly with oil ? It may be said the work is never finished. An 'oiled surface will always bear more rubbing than it has had, and will not be deteriorated by friction ; still from one to two months should suffice to get a good polish...
Page 24 - ... yellow Tone to Oak Wood. — According to Niedling, a beautiful orange-yellow tone, much admired in a chest at the Vienna Exhibition, may be imparted to oak-wood by rubbing it in a warm room with a certain mixture until it acquires a dull polish, and then coating it after an hour with thin polish, and repeating the coating of polish to improve the depth and brilliancy of the tone. The ingredients for the rubbing mixture are about 3 oz. tallow, J oz.

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