Wood and Tree Fungi: Biology, Damage, Protection, and Use

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 19, 2006 - Science - 334 pages
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This book provides an up-to-date overview of the various wood and tree fungi that damage trees, lumber, and timber. Special focus is given to identification, prevention, and remediation techniques, and the book bridges the gap between research and application. It covers the fundamentals of cytology and morphology.

There is a more practical section describing damage by viruses and bacteria on trees. The habitats of wood fungi are described as well as tree care. Important tree pathogens and wood decay fungi are characterized for prevention and identification. The final section focuses on the positive effects of wood-inhabiting microorganisms.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Biology
3
22 Growth and Spreading
10
222 Reproduction of Deuteromycetes
16
223 Sexual Reproduction
18
224 Fruit Body Formation
24
225 Production Dispersal and Germination of Spores
25
23 Sexuality
26
Habitat of Wood Fungi
160
811 Bark Diseases
163
812 Wilt Diseases
168
82 Tree Wounds and Tree Care
173
822 Pruning
177
823 Wound Treatment
178
824 Detection of Tree and Wood Damages
179
83 Tree Rots by Macrofungi
183

24 Identification
31
242 Molecular Methods
33
25 Classification
47
Physiology
53
32 Air
58
33 Wood Moisture Content
60
34 Temperature
67
35 pH Value and Acid Production by Fungi
70
36 Light and Force of Gravity
74
37 Restrictions of Physiological Data
77
38 Competition and Interactions Between Organisms
79
382 Mycorrhiza and Lichens
82
Wood Cell Wall Degradation
87
42 Pectin Degradation
92
43 Degradation of Hemicelluloses
93
44 Cellulose Degradation
95
45 Lignin Degradation
99
Damages by Viruses and Bacteria
108
Wood Discoloration
119
61 Molding
121
62 Blue Stain
125
63 Red Streaking
129
64 Protection
131
Wood Rot
135
72 White Rot
138
73 Soft Rot
142
74 Protection
146
831 Armillaria Species
186
832 Heterobasidion annosum sl
189
833 Stereum sanguinolentum
195
835 Laetiporus sulphureus
197
837 Phaeolus schweinitzii
198
839 Piptoporus betulinus
199
8311 Sparassis crispa
200
841 Daedalea quercina
202
843 Lentinus lepideus
205
845 Schizophyllum commune
206
85 Damage to Structural Timber Indoors
207
852 Lesser Common Basidiomycetes in Buildings
212
853 Common HouseRot Fungi
214
854 Prevention of Indoor Decay Fungi and Refurbishment of Buildings
233
Positive Effects of WoodInhabiting Microorganisms
237
91 MycoWood
238
92 Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms
239
93 Biological Pulping
244
94 Palo Podrido and MycoFodder
246
95 Wood Saccharification and Sulphite Pulping
247
96 Grinding and Steam Explosion
248
97 Recent Biotechnological Processes and Outlook
249
Identification Key for StrandForming HouseRot Fungi
253
Fungi Mentioned in this Book
260
References
267
Subject Index
329
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