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adapted ammonia animals applied applique artist beautiful beginning blade block border bosses bosted bowl brush cabinet carver chisel clamp clay cocoa-nut colour curve dark decoration diaper difficult draw easily easy edge effect executed fastened files finish firmer flat gouge furniture give glass glass-paper glue glued Grinling Gibbons groove hand handle high relief holes hollow horn imitate inch in thickness incised indenting ivory Joseph Hooker kind lamp-black leaf leaves LESSON lines little practice low relief mould mucilage nails objects ordinary ornament outline paint paper papier-mache pattern perfectly piece of wood placed plaster of Paris polish powder pupil pyramid of Cholula rasp round saw-frame screw shape sharpened side sketch slope small gouge smooth square stain stamps straight surface sweep-cut Take a panel Tankards thin tool tracer varnish veiner waste wood wood-carving
Page 92 - ... and depth. Then there is another species of ornament most useful for the bend of branches, and which is to be seen in Swiss carved brackets. This may be called the zig-zag pattern or ornament. It is intended to represent the cross fissures and marks that are seen in the bark of some trees at the bend of the branches. It is done with a flat or quarter-round gouge, the hand swaying from side to side, and at the same time advancing by alternate steps each corner of the tool.
Page 9 - Scaton, who is in other matters a good authority, declares that "small, short, neatly-turned boxwood handles must be avoided ; they are nearly useless. Get good-sized beech or ash handles quite five inches long, and if the steel is four or four and a half inches long you will have a really serviceable tool.
Page 52 - ... down to the level of the line marked by the gauge round the edge. And first of all take a gouge whose sweep will fit the curve of the leaf in the part it is intended to commence upon, and placing the edge of the gouge just outside, but quite close to the line, and holding the tool quite perpendicular, give it a moderate blow with the mallet. Take care not to drive the gouge in too deep, but begin gently. Continue the process, and where the curve of the leaf alters, the gouge must be changed ;...
Page 36 - If the panel be half an inch in thickness, it should not be more than a quarter of an inch in depth.
Page 11 - ... from the edge on the edge of the table ; the edge of the tool must be slightly raised, and the slip can then be applied with perfect safety and with great effect.
Page 47 - This makes an inclination upwards or a depression downwards, yet sloping to one side or the other. It is made by two movements in one ; so in cutting with a sword or long knife, if we chop, yet at the same instant draw the blade, the result is a much deeper incision.