Word Order Change in Icelandic: From OV to VO
While Modern Icelandic exhibits a virtually uniform VO order in the VP, Old(er) Icelandic had both VO order and OV order, as well as 'mixed' word order patterns. In this volume, the author both examines the various VP-word order patterns from a descriptive and statistical point of view and provides a synchronic and diachronic analysis of VP-syntax in Old(er) Icelandic in terms of generative grammar. Her account makes use of a number of independently motivated ideas, notably remnant-movement of various kinds of predicative phrase, and the long movement associated with restructuring phenomena, to provide an analysis of OV orders and, correspondingly, a proposal as to which aspect of Icelandic syntax must have changed when VO word order became the norm: the essential change is loss of VP-extraction from VP. Although this idea is mainly supported here for Icelandic, it has numerous implications for the synchronic and diachronic analysis of other Germanic languages.
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16th century 1st age group 2nd age 3rd age group 5th age group adverb arguments assumed auxiliary verb Chapter Chomsky definite NPs derivation diachronic direct object double object Dutch examples finite verb Finn frequency full NPs further discussion grammar Hinterholzl history of Icelandic hypothesis Icelandic VP infinitival infinitive marker Initial order Kayne Kayne's language change leftward movement mixed word order Modern Icelandic moves long multiple complements Narfi nominal objects non-finite auxiliary non-finite main verb non-finite verbs Old Icelandic Old(er optional OV VO OV OV word order OV-languages OV-orders overt movement parameter Pintzuk possible postverbal position PredP predPaux predPfin tvPfin predPmain tvPmain main preverbal position pronouns proposal remnant VP-preposing Rognvaldsson sentences containing short object movement shown Sigurdsson single prepositions small clause predicates SpecAgrOP SpecFP SpecPredP structure studied syntactic syntax tvPaux uniform VO-base verb-raising verbal particles Vfin Vmain VO-languages VO-order West Germanic languages word order patterns