Workforce 2000: Work and Workers for the Twenty-First Century
DIANE Publishing, Aug 1, 1987 - Business & Economics - 117 pages
Furnishes basic intelligence on the job market that can be used in evaluating the adequacy of public policies, and where needed, undertaking new policy initiatives. Covers: the forces shaping the Amer. economy; scenarios for the year 2000; work and workers in the year 2000; and 6 challenges (stimulating world growth; improving productivity in service industries; improving the dynamism of an aging workforce; reconciling the needs of women, work, and families; integrating blacks and Hispanics fully into the workforce; and improving workers1 educ. and skills). 40 tables.
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Workforce Two-Thousand: Work and Workers for the Twenty-First Century
William B. Johnston
Limited preview - 1987
agriculture American automated average baby boom balance baseline scenario become benefits boom budget deficit business cycle Census century changes competition continue created decade decline deflation developing countries developing nations Disinflation dollar economic growth employers employment entering the workforce example exports fewer Figure future higher Hispanics Hudson Institute human capital immigrants impacts important income increase inflation investment Japan Japanese job market labor force labor force growth labor market levels manufac million NON-WHITE numbers occupations OPEC output per worker patterns percent policies productivity gains productivity growth projected protectionism rapid rapidly recent relatively retailing rising service economy service industry productivity shift to services shrinking slow growth slowly Source South Korea stimulate substantial Table technologies tion trend U.S. Bureau U.S. dollar U.S. economy U.S. GNP U.S. growth U.S. manufacturing U.S. population U.S. trade United wages West Germany women world economy world growth
Page xx - Companies that have grown by adding large numbers of flexible, lower-paid young workers will find such workers in short supply in the 1990s. • More women will enter the workforce: Almost two-thirds of the new entrants into the workforce between now and the year 2000 will be women, and 61 percent of all women of working age are expected to have jobs by the year 2000. Women will still be concentrated in jobs that pay less than men's jobs, but they will be rapidly entering many higher-paying professional...
Page 116 - Education and training are the primary systems by which the human capital of a national is preserved and increased. The speed and efficiency with which these education systems transmit knowledge govern the rate at which human capital can be developed. Even more than such closelywatched indicators as the rate of investment in plant and equipment, human capital formation plays...
Page 116 - As the society becomes more complex, the amount of education and knowledge needed to make a productive contribution to the economy becomes greater. A century ago, a high school education was thought to be superfluous for factory workers and a college degree was the mark of an academic or a lawyer. Between now and the year 2000, for the first time in history, a majority of all new jobs will require postsecondary education.
Page 75 - The population and the workforce will grow more slowly than at any time since the 1930s: Population growth, which was climbing at almost 1.9 percent per year in the 1950s, will slump to only 0.7 percent per year by 2000; the labor force, which exploded by 2.9 percent per year in the 1970s, will be expanding by only 1 percent annually in the 1990s.
Page 103 - ... percent of Hispanics, and 25 percent of blacks could locate information in a news article or almanac; • only 25 percent of whites, 7 percent of Hispanics, and 3 percent of blacks could decipher a bus schedule; and...
Page 85 - ... the remainder of the century. Thus, between 1985 and 2000, white males, who only a generation ago made up the dominant segment of the labor market, will comprise only 15 percent of the net additions to the workforce. The majority of new entrants will be women and minorities. By the year 2000, about 47 percent of the workforce will be women, and 61 percent of all American women will be employed.17 Despite their growing visibility in the workplace, however, women continue to be concentrated, in...
Page xxv - ... that men and women have the time and resources needed to invest in their children. For example, some formula is needed to provide parents with more time away from -work. Flexible hours, the use of sick leave to care for children, more part-time work, pregnancy leaves for mothers and fathers, and other innovations are expensive, but ultimately necessary changes in the structure of work that will accommodate the combination of work and family life.
Page xiii - Despite its international comeback, US manufacturing will be a much smaller share of the economy in the year 2000 than it is today. Service industries will create all of the new jobs, and most of the new wealth, over the next 13 years.
Page 111 - Relatively little has been done to make the system one that promotes relocation, retraining, and job search. Although worker retraining has become a catchphrase, and the federal government and private industry now spend billions of dollars for retraining, there is still no national consensus that all workers should expect to learn new skills over the course of their worklives. Except in a few companies, training is confined mostly to the top and bottom ranks of employees, with little systematic effort...
Page xviii - States managed to sustain a rising standard of living by increasing the number of people at work and by borrowing from abroad and from the future. These props under the nation's consumption will reach their limits before the end of the century: there will be relatively fewer young people and homemakers who will enter the workforce during the 1990s, and the burden of consumer, government, and international debt cannot be expanded indefinitely. If the US economy is to grow at its historic 3 percent...