Workforce Cross Training
David A. Nembhard
CRC Press, Apr 25, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 352 pages
In today's ultra-competitive global business environment, it is becoming increasingly important for companies to reduce spending while simultaneously improving their efficiency and productivity. To achieve this goal, many organizations are opting to implement cross training programs in order to maximize the potential of their existing workforce, thus avoiding the need to outsource. Filling a gap in the literature, Workforce Cross Training presents a pioneering overview of the currently available research on this topic and provides invaluable insight into the design of successful cross training programs.
Featuring contributions from a team of experts, this text integrates information from a wide variety of disciplines including human factors, industrial engineering, operations management, and behavioral psychology. The authors examine the use of cross training programs in various work environments including serial production systems, call centers, and manufacturing industries. Discussion includes best practices of cross training methods and the future opportunities offered by cross training programs.
A single resource featuring an in-depth summary of the policies, methods, and results of cross training, this book delivers a much needed source of guidance for creating effective workforce cross training programs.
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chapter 2 Job assignment
chapter 3 Factors affecting crosstraining performance in serial production systems
chapter 4 Cross training in production systems with human learning and forgetting
chapter 5 Valuing workforce crosstraining flexibility
chapter 6 Best practices for crosstraining teams
chapter 7 Team training in complex environments
Applications of workforce cross training
chapter 8 Workforce cross training in call centers from an operations management perspective
chapter 9 Partial pooling in tandem lines with cooperation and blocking
chapter 10 Design of a laborintensive assembly cell in the clean room of a medical device manufacturer
absenteeism allocation Andradóttir Argon assignment problem assume balanced lines batch behavior Bendin Best practice Bokhorst buffers call center Cannon-Bowers capacity cellular manufacturing considered constraints coordination cross training cross-training policies cutters decisions effects efficiency evaluation factors Figure holding cost International Journal job rotation Journal of Production labor assignment rules labor strategies learning and forgetting machine coverage machine group manufacturing mental models minimize Molleman multifunctionality Nembhard number of skills number of workers Operations Research optimal outcomes pooled station pooled system positional clarification positional rotation programming queue real options redundancy rotation interval routing policy Salas Section servers shared mental models simulation Slomp specific staffing levels structure Table tandem lines task proficiency differences team members team performance team processes team training team-interaction teamwork throughput total number training costs types of tasks unpooled when-rule where-rule who-rule worker differences workforce workload