Working Women in Large Cities

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1889 - Women - 631 pages

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Page 76 - ... to give testimony on this point — is that the working women are as respectable, as moral, and as virtuous as any class of women in the country. Of...
Page 76 - ... matrons of homes, and of all those best informed and in the best position to give testimony on this point, is that the working girls are as respectable, as moral, and as virtuous as any class of women in our community ; that they are making as heroic a struggle for existence as any class is a fact which all the statistics prove.
Page 51 - By securing for them legal protection from frauds and impositions free of expense. (2) By appeals, respectfully but urgently made to employers, for wages proportioned to the work performed and to the cost of living, and such shortening of the hours of labor as is due to health and the requirements of household affairs. (3) By seeking new and appropriate spheres of labor in departments not ordinarily occupied by women. (4) By maintaining a registry, through which those out of work may obtain employment.
Page 32 - ... pleasant to the eye; trunk space outside; privileges of a bath room and usually of a laundry, thus saving the expense of having washing done; bed rooms tempered if not warmed, and a well heated sitting room for social talks, readings, or games ; young men allowed to call almost every evening, and permission accorded the girls to remain out after 10 o'clock under proper escort for special entertainments; religious services regular and earnest, but not obtrusive or compulsory; a matron ready with...
Page 16 - ... house system is largely engrafted on the life of Chicago. The houses, however, are rarely in long blocks, often have light and air on four sides, and seldom contain more than six families. Two or three families living in a separate house is the general rule, and often each family has a single home. The sanitary condition of houses and streets is bad, but these evils are being remedied by the vigorous action of the health department. Rents are high, the markets inconvenient, and the cost of living...
Page 76 - The experience of the writer in making an examination in many cities, both iu the United States and in Europe, sustains the statement, but more strongly than the figures here given, that working women do not recruit the houses of prostitution. Nor does the investigation show that employers of labor are guilty of reducing their employés to a condition of prostitution, as is often alleged. Only in the rarest cases can one meet with a whisper that this is the ease.
Page 74 - ... sufficient to insure representative results. Thus in Chicago, for example, there are, or were at the time of the investigation of the Department, 302 houses of ill-fame, assignation houses, and "rooming" houses, known to tlie police, containing 1,097 inmates. This investigation involved 557 of this number.
Page 34 - Green street, is the oldest institution of the kind in the city, having been instituted twenty-two years ago to protect young girls who come to the city for employment.
Page 72 - The result of this vast extension of opportunity is the same as under like conditions in other directions. Whenever any industrial operations are simplified to such an extent that the weaker person can perform what was done of old by the stronger one, the cheaper labor comes in, and wages must of necessity be lowered temporarily, whether to the one formerly performing the labor or to the new-comer who undertakes to occupy his place. So, as the adult man in light occupations has given...
Page 76 - From all that can be learned one need not hesitate iu asserting that the working women of the country are as honest and as virtuous as any class of our citizens.

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