The Works of James M. Whitfield: America and Other Writings by a Nineteenth-Century African American Poet
Robert S. Levine, Ivy G. Wilson
Univ of North Carolina Press, Feb 1, 2011 - Poetry - 256 pages
In this comprehensive volume of the collected writings of James Monroe Whitfield (1822-71), Robert S. Levine and Ivy G. Wilson restore this African American poet, abolitionist, and intellectual to his rightful place in the arts and politics of the nineteenth-century United States.
Whitfield's works, including poems from his celebrated America and Other Poems (1853), were printed in influential journals and newspapers, such as Frederick Douglass's The North Star. A champion of the black emigration movement during the 1850s, Whitfield was embraced by African Americans as a black nationalist bard when he moved from his longtime home in Buffalo, New York, to California in the early 1860s. However, by the beginning of the twentieth century, his reputation had faded.
For this volume, Levine and Wilson gathered and annotated all of Whitfield's extant writings, both poetry and prose, and many pieces are reprinted here for the first time since their original publication. In their thorough introduction, the editors situate Whitfield in relation to key debates on black nationalism in African American culture, underscoring the importance of poetry and periodical culture to black writing during the period.
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abolitionist African American poet Almighty antislavery appeared Arguments August barber black emigration black nationality Blair blood brethren Buffalo California Canada celebration Central chain Civil Cleveland Cleveland Convention Colonization Colonizationists Colored American Compromise of 1850 Convention of Colored dark deeds Delany Delany’s destiny earth editor elevation Emancipation Emancipation Proclamation emigrationism emigrationist favor fire Frances Harper Frederick Douglass free blacks freedom heart heaven Henry Bibb Holly hope human hymns issue J. M. WHITFIELD James James Monroe Whitfield labor land letter liberty light Lincoln’s literary Lois Brown manifest destiny Martin Delany mind National Emigration Convention negro race newspaper North Star o’er oppressed oppression’s Pacific Appeal Paper patriot poem poetic poetry political praise Press San Francisco scenes slave slavery slavery’s song soul South spirit spread Stanzas strife thee tion truth tyrant’s United volume Watkins West Indies Whit Whitfield published William William Wells Brown York