World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence
"World hypotheses" correspond to metaphysical systems, and they may be systematically judged by the canons of evidence and corroboration.
In setting forth his root-metaphor theory and examining six such hypotheses—animism, mysticism, formism, mechanism, contextualism, and organicism—Pepper surveys the whole field of metaphysics. Because this book is an analytical study, it stresses issues rather than men. It seeks to exhibit the sources of these issues and to show that some are unnecessary; that the rest gather into clusters and are interconnected in systems corresponding closely to the traditional schools of philosophy. The virtue of the root-metaphor method is that it puts metaphysics on a purely factual basis and pushes philosophical issues back to the interpretation of evidence.
This book was written primarily as a contribution to the field, but its plan excellently suits it for use as a text in courses in metaphysics, types of philosophical theory, or present tendencies in philosophy.
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The Utter Skeptic
Evidence and Corroboration
Eclecticism Is Confusing
Concepts Which Have Lost Contact
A General View of the Hypotheses
Mechanistic Theory of Truth
Derivation of the Contextualistic Categories
Strands and Context of Texture
References of Strands
Operational Theory of Truth
CHAPTER PAGE 5 Amalgamation of the Immanent and the Tran scendent Categories of Formism
Truth in Formism
The Transition to Mechanism
The Mechanistic Root Metaphor
The Mechanistic Categories
The Categories of Organicism
Application of the Categories
Time and Truth
SUMMARY CRITICISMS AND ANSWERS
Review and Conclusions
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absolute accept actual adequacy adequate world theory analysis Anaximander Anaximenes animistic appear astronomy atoms attitude bare particulars basic particulars believe called cate certainty characters claims cognitive value common sense concepts concrete existence configurations contextualism contextualist contradictions correlated cosmic criteria criticism danda degree dence determinate dogmatic dogmatist doubt dubitanda eclectic eclecticism empirical evidence experience formism fragments given event grounds hypothesis ideal inadequacy indubitable infallible authority integration interpretations intuition kilograms knowledge laws locations logical machine means mechanism mechanistic ment multiplicative corroboration mystic nature norms novelty objects observations operational theory organicism organicist organism physical Plotinus pointer readings positivism positivist precisely present primary qualities principle Ptolemy reference relations relatively adequate reliable roboration root metaphor root-metaphor theory scope secondary qualities seems self-evidence sentence set of categories simply sort specious present strands structural corroboration texture theory of truth things tion tive true tural ultimate utter skeptic word world hypotheses