Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science

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John Wiley & Sons, Apr 8, 2011 - Science - 392 pages
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Updated throughout and with three entirely new chapters, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition furthers its reputation as the definitive introductory text on the historical developments and philosophical issues that inform our scientific view of the world around us.
  • Represents an innovative introduction to the history and philosophy of science, designed especially for those coming to the subject for the first time
  • Updated new edition features the addition of chapters focusing on scientific laws, evolutionary theory, and implications of evolution
  • Covers the key historical developments and philosophical themes that have impacted our scientific view of the world around us
  • Analyzes the transitions from the Aristotelian worldview to the Newtonian worldview to a new and currently developing worldview
  • Explores challenges to the Western scientific worldview brought on by recent discoveries
 

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Contents

Worldviews
7
Truth
17
Empirical Facts and PhilosophicalConceptual Facts
32
Confirming and Disconfirming Evidence and Reasoning
38
The QuineDuhem Thesis and Implications for Scientific Method
46
Philosophical Interlude Problems and Puzzles of Induction
58
Falsifiability
66
Instrumentalism and Realism
71
A Summary of Problems Facing the Aristotelian Worldview
164
Philosophical and Conceptual Connections in the Development of the New Science
170
Overview of the New Science and the Newtonian Worldview
175
Philosophical Interlude What is a Scientific Law?
183
The Development of the Newtonian Worldview 17001900
192
Recent Developments in Science and Worldviews
205
The Special Theory of Relativity
207
The General Theory of Relativity
227

The Transition from the Aristotelian Worldview to the Newtonian Worldview
79
The Structure of the Universe on the Aristotelian Worldview
81
The Preface to Ptolemys Almagest The Earth as Spherical Stationary and at the Center of the Universe
87
Astronomical Data The Empirical Facts
99
Astronomical Data The PhilosophicalConceptual Facts
106
The Ptolemaic System
113
The Copernican System
123
The Tychonic System
134
Keplers System
137
Galileo and the Evidence from the Telescope
148
Overview of the Empirical Facts Mathematics and Interpretations of Quantum Theory
235
Quantum Theory and Locality EPR Bells Theorem and the Aspect Experiments
272
Overview of the Theory of Evolution
287
Philosophical and Conceptual Implications of Evolution
310
Worldviews Concluding Thoughts
341
Chapter Notes and Suggested Reading
349
References
366
Index
371
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About the author (2011)

Richard DeWitt is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy at Fairfield University. In addition to the history and philosophy of science, Professor DeWitt’s research interests include mathematical and philosophical logic, and the philosophy of mind.

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