Yarnton: Saxon and Medieval Settlement and Landscape : Results of Excavations 1990-96
From 1989 to 1998, Oxford Archaeology investigated an extensive area of landscape around Yarnton and Cassington, Oxfordshire. Remains dating from the Neolithic up until the Post-Medieval period were examined, revealing a remarkable story of changing settlement and landscape over five millennia. This volume describes the Saxon to Post-Medieval discoveries made between 1990 and 1996, tracing the developments from small-scale early Anglo-Saxon farmsteads to the medieval village, and reveals the profound changes that occurred at Yarnton in settlement, agriculture and social organisation between the end of the Roman empire and the Post-Conquest world. Rare evidence from multi-disciplinary studies shows that many of the key features of this transformation took place during the late 8th and 9th centuries AD, at an earlier date than conventionally believed.
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3 Worton cropmarks Printed with the permission of the Cambridge University Collection
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9th century Anglo-Saxon animal bone anomalies arable archaeological assemblage backfill Blinkhorn boundary burials Cassington cattle cemetery cereal Chapter 11 charcoal context copper alloy crack willow Cresswell Field cropmarks deposits early Saxon east edge enclosure ditches evidence example excavated fabric Farm fill fired clay floodplain fragments geophysical grain Gravel Terrace hay meadow hearth hedges Humerus indicate Ipswich Ware Iron Age landscape late Saxon layer located loomweights magnetic material medieval middle Saxon middle Saxon period middle Saxon settlement Niedermendig Niedermendig lava north-east occupation Oxey Mead Oxford Oxfordshire palaeochannel Phase pits Plate ploughing pollen possible postholes postpipe pottery probably radiocarbon dating recovered Roman samples Saxon features Saxon pottery seax sediment seeds sherds silt smithy soil south-east species strap end structure study area suggests sunken-featured buildings survey Table Thames Tydalls virgate West Stow Worton Yarnton