Young drivers: the road to safety
OECD/ECMT Transport Research Centre, European Conference of Ministers of Transport, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Sep 15, 2006 - Business & Economics - 260 pages
The great over-representation of young drivers in crashes and road fatalities is a serious public health problem that exacts an unacceptable toll in human, social and economic terms. Young drivers account for about 27 per cent of driver fatalities across OECD countries, although people in the same age group represent only about 10 per cent of the population. Furthermore, between 20 and 30 per cent of total traffic fatalities result from crashes involving a young driver. Young male drivers' crash fatality rates are as much as three times those of young female drivers, and remain much higher even when adjusted to factor in their higher rates of exposure. In some countries, young males' relative risk, compared to that of other drivers, is increasing. The high levels of young driver risk result principally from factors of inexperience, age, and gender. This risk is aggravated by the circumstances under which many young people drive - young people, especially men, are over-represented in crashes at high speed, at night, with similarly aged passengers, involving alcohol, and often when not wearing seatbelts. There is no single solution. The goal of reduced young driver crashes must be pursued through a combination of countermeasures involving the licensing process, training and learning methods, enforcement, education and communication, and technology.
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Accident Analvsis accompanied practice age group alcohol Analvsis & Prevention Analysis campaigns Chapter costs countermeasures countries crash involvement crash risk Crowthorne demerit point Department for Transport drink-driving driver fatalities driver training drivers aged driving behaviour driving experience driving task drugs effective enforcement ensure experienced drivers factors fatal crashes female drivers gender Gregersen hazard perception test higher impact implementation important increase injury IRTAD Issue Leidschendam licensing for solo licensing systems lifestyle MDMA measures Netherlands NHTSA noted novice driver risk OECD older drivers overall parents particularly passengers potential pre-licence problem programmes reducing young Report restrictions result risk levels road safety Road Safety Research road users role seat belts skills social solo driving speed Sweden Swedish National Road SWOV target traffic crashes Traffic Safety Transport Research Transport Research Laboratory vehicle VicRoads Western Australia young driver crashes young driver risk young male drivers