Zu: J.G. Farrell - 'The Siege of Krishnapur' - Analyse des Charakters Collector in Bezug auf viktorianische Ideale und deren Dekonstruktion

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GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 40 pages
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Literatur, Note: 1,7, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg (Anglistisches Seminar), Veranstaltung: Indien zwischen Fakt und Fiktion, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Die Hausarbeit analysiert den Charakter Collector in Bezug auf viktorianische Ideale und deren Zerfall., Abstract: Der Roman The Siege of Krishnapur dreht sich nicht, wie man vom Titel her vermuten konnte, so sehr um die blutige Belagerung von 1857 als historisches Ereignis an sich, sondern fokussiert vielmehr die Ansichten und Glaubenseinstellungen der belagerten englischen Kolonialherren. Die im Werk Farrells dargestellten Charaktere sind Produkte einer von sich selbst uberzeugten, uberheblichen viktorianischen Gesellschaft und verkorpern gangige Ideale und Ansichten ihrer Zeit. 9 Nichtsdestotrotz gelingt es dem Autor hier keine stereotypen Charaktere zu entwerfen, sondern jede Figur in einem individuellen Licht erscheinen zu lassen, indem er jeden der bedeutenderen englischen Charaktere ausfuhrlich beleuchtet. Das Verhalten, die Ansichten und Wertvorstellungen jedes Mitglieds der britischen Gesellschaft fur sich werden im Roman der tatsachlichen Realitat gegenubergestellt und so mittels Ironie und Satire ihrer Absurditat und Weltfremdheit preisgegeben. Besonders interessant ist in diesem Zusammenhang die Analyse der Figur des Collectors, Mr Hopkins, da er die Personinfizierung der Ideale und Glaubensvorstellungen des viktorianischen Zeitalters schlechthin ist11 und die bedeutendste Figur des Romans darstellt. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es herauszuarbeiten, welche Ansichten und Einstellungen der Collector vertritt, auf welcherlei Art sich diese manifestieren und inwiefern sie typisch fur das viktorianische Zeitalter sind. Des Weiteren soll durch die Analyse der Figur des Collectors und seiner Wandlung klar werden, in wie weit die viktorianischen Ideale der Belagerung zum Opfer gefallen sind und welcher Einsicht sie gewichen sind."

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Page 5 - The foundations on which the new men will build their lives are Faith, Science. Respectability, Geology, Mechanical Invention, Ventilation and Rotation of Crops!...
Page 10 - ... satisfaction with his own epoch. He thought again of those hundred and fifty million people living in cruel poverty in India alone . . . Would Science and Political Economy ever be powerful enough to give them a life of ease and respectability? He no longer believed that they would. If they did, it would not be in his own century but in some future era.
Page 13 - He has now lost all interest in science, art, culture and ideas and he takes to "pacing the streets of London, very often in the poorer areas, in all weathers, alone, seldom speaking to anyone but staring, staring as if he had never seen a poor person in his life before."98 Unlike Mr.
Page 11 - Looking at the Prime Minister the Collector was overcome by a feeling of helplessness. He realized that there was a whole way of life of the people in India which he would never get to know and which was totally indifferent to him and his concerns.
Page 11 - India itself was now a different place; the fiction of happy natives being led forward along the road to civilization could no longer be...
Page 5 - I believe that we are all part of a society which by its communal efforts of faith and reason is gradually raising itself to a higher state . . . There are rules of morality to be followed if we are to advance, just as there are rules of scientific investigation...
Page 10 - ... life of ease and respectability? He no longer believed that they would. If they did, it would not be in his own century but in some future era. This notion of the superiority of the nineteenth century which he had just been enjoying had depended on beliefs he no longer held, but which had just now been itching, like amputated limbs which he could feel although they no longer existed.
Page 9 - And as he dug, he wept. He saw Hari's animated face, and numberless dead men, and the hatred on the faces of the sepoys . . . and it suddenly seemed to him that he could see clearly the basis of all conflict and misery, something mysterious which grows in men at the same time as hair and teeth and brains and which reveals its presence by the utter and atrocious inflexibility of all human habits and beliefs, even including his own.
Page 5 - But Hopkins had gone further. Not only had he returned to India full of ideas about hygiene, crop rotation, and drainage, he had devoted a substantial part of his fortune to bringing out to India examples of European art and science in the belief that he was doing as once the Romans had done in Britain. Those who had seen it said that the Residency at Krishnapur was full of statues, paintings and machines.
Page 10 - How arid the eighteenth century was in comparison to our own. They did their best, no doubt, but they were at best only a preparation for our own century.

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