Zenobia: Shooting Star of Palmyra

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Oxford University Press, 2018 - Biography & Autobiography - 284 pages
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Hailing from the Syrian city of Palmyra, a woman named Zenobia (also Bathzabbai) governed territory in the eastern Roman empire from 268 to 272. She thus became the most famous Palmyrene who ever lived. But sources for her life and career are scarce. This book situates Zenobia in the social, economic, cultural, and material context of her Palmyra. By doing so, it aims to shed greater light on the experiences of Zenobia and Palmyrene women like her at various stages of their lives. Not limiting itself to the political aspects of her governance, it contemplates what inscriptions and material culture at Palmyra enable us to know about women and the practice of gender there, and thus the world that Zenobia navigated. It reflects on her clothes, house, hygiene, property owning, gestures, religious practices, funerary practices, education, languages, social identities, marriage, and experiences motherhood, along with her meteoric rise to prominence and civil war. It also ponders Zenobia's legacy in light of the contemporary human tragedy in Syria.
 

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Contents

1 Zenobias Likenesses
1
Part I Palmyra Zenobias City
15
Part II Embryonic Star
57
Part III Rising Star
109
Part IV Shooting Star
163
Fallen Star
213
Palmyrene Monuments Mentioned
231
Brief and Simple Guide to Palmyrenean Aramaic
233
Inscriptions for Odainaths Household
235
Bibliography
245
Index
279
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About the author (2018)


Nathanael Andrade received his PhD in Greek and Roman history from the University of Michigan and has published extensively on the Roman and later Roman Near East along with other topics. He is the author of Syrian Identity in the Greco-Roman World (Cambridge University Press, 2013) and The Journey
of Christianity to India in Late Antiquity: Networks and the Movement of Culture (Cambridge University Press, at press). He is now an associate professor in the Department of History at Binghamton University.

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