The Zero Fallacy and Other Essays in Neoclassical Philosophy

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Open Court Publishing, 1997 - Philosophy - 236 pages
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Charles Hartshorne is arguably the most important living metaphysician and one of the most eminent figures of American philosophy in the twentieth century. He is internationally known for his contributions to the philosophy of creativity and for his distinctive brand of process philosophy and theology. For more than seven decades Hartshorne has presented his theses ever more persuasively, comparing and contrasting them in illuminating fashion with those of major historical figures and movements, from Plato to Kant to Popper. Central to his outlook are fresh interpretations of such notions as God, freedom, chance, creativity, the primacy of aesthetic meaning, affective tone, the social character of experience, sympathy as self-creative, relatedness and asymmetry, feeling and feeling of feeling, and generalized causal possibility with a place for probabilities and open possibilities.

This collection of Charles Hartshorne's writings -- many never before published -- is an indispensible introduction to his rich and indelible contribution to contemporary philosophy. It covers the extraordinary range of Hartshorne's thought, including his reflections on the history of philosophy, philosophical psychology, philosophy of science, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, literature, ornithology, and, above all, theology and metaphysics.
 

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Contents

A BRISK DIALOGUE
1
PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE
43
SOME THEOLOGICAL MISTAKES AND THEIR
53
DEMOCRACY AND RELIGION
67
WHY CLASSICAL THEISM HAS BEEN BELIEVED
81
WHAT METAPHYSICS IS
95
A LOGIC OF ULTIMATE CONTRASTS
109
MINDS AND BODIES
133
PERCEPTION AND THE CONCRETE ABSTRACTNESS
153
AN EPISTEMOLOGICAL
173
THE KINDS AND LEVELS OF AESTHETIC VALUE
203
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND THE IDEAL
215
SOURCE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
223
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About the author (1997)

Charles Hartshorne was educated at Harvard University, where he coedited with Paul Weiss the first six volumes of The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce (1931--36) and became associated with Alfred North Whitehead. He has taught at Harvard, the University of Chicago, Emory University, and the University of Texas-Austin. Hartshorne is the undisputed leader in the development of process philosophy and theology since the death of Whitehead. A consummate metaphysician, Hartshorne has resurrected the ontological argument for the existence of God, reframing it in terms of contemporary modal logic. He has espoused a doctrine of panpsychism, according to which mind (with feeling) permeates all things, and has defended the compatibility of this doctrine with contemporary physics. A pantheist, Hartshorne has proposed a complex theory of God, which views divinity as a relative, processional kind of being, with an abstract eternal nature and a concrete nature subject to change and suffering. He has presented his process theology in his widely read book The Divine Relativity. In addition to his labors as teacher and philosophical author, Hartshorne is an avid birdwatcher and has written a prizewinning book, Born to Sing: An Interpretation and World Survey of Bird Song.

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