Zinc Sculpture in America, 1850-1950

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Associated University Presse, 2009 - Art - 706 pages
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Introduced in the United States as a new material for statuary in the mid-nineteenth century, zinc has properties that allowed replication at low cost. It was used to produce modestly priced serial sculpture displayed throughout the nation on fountains, public monuments, and war memorials. Imitative finishes created the illusion of more costly bronze, stone, or polychrome wood. This first comprehensive overview of American zinc sculpture is interdisciplinary, engaging aspects of art history, popular culture, local history, technology, and art conservation. Included is a generously illustrated catalogue presenting more than eight hundred statues organized by type: trade figures and Indians, gods and goddesses, fountain figures, animals, famous men, military figures, firemen, cemetery memorials, and religous subjects. The compilation of data on these statues will be valuable to scholars, filling the current void in research libraries. The author's experience as a conservator will also make the an essential resource for historic preservationists seeking to repair statues now damaged by years of outdoor exposure. This book has 555 illustrations, 354 of which are in color. Carol Grissom is Senior Objects Conservator at the Smithsonian's Museum Conservation Institute.
 

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This book was an instant classic from the day it was published. The depth of Grissom's research is astounding. She covers the subjest from A to (you guessed it) Zinc.

Contents

Chapter 1 The Lure of Zinc
13
Chapter 2 History and Technology
23
Chapter 3 Sources and Sculptors
35
Chapter 4 Fabrication
51
Forming Casting or Stamping and Joining
53
Slushcast parts and statuettes
56
Sandcast fused and sandblasted whitebronze statues
57
Stamped sheetzinc statues
62
Corrosion
105
Deteriorated coatings
107
Unattractive installation
110
Replication
111
Catalogue of Sculptures
115
Catalogue 1 Trade Figures
117
Catalogue 2 Indians
141
Catalogue 3 Civic Personifications
169

Surface Treatments
65
Chapter 5 Producers and Purveyors
75
Principal New York Firms
78
Janes Beebe Co and Janes Kirtland Co
79
J W Fiske
80
J L Mott Iron Works
83
Distributors
84
Benziger Bros and Daprato Statuary Co
85
Monumental Bronze Co and Its Affiliates
86
W H Mullins and Friedley Voshardt Co
87
Properties Damage and Repair
93
Damage and Solutions for Repair
96
Losses
100
Conventional castzinc statues
101
Whitebronze pedestals
102
Sheetzinc statues
103
Catalogue 4 Gods and Goddesses
211
Catalogue 5 Candelabra
269
Catalogue 6 Fountains
279
Catalogue 7 Animals
405
Catalogue 8 Famous Men
455
Catalogue 9 Soldiers and Sailors
487
Catalogue 10 Firemen
555
Catalogue 11 Tomb Statues
565
Catalogue 12 Saints and Crucifixions
587
Companies and Trade Catalogues
615
Bibliography
667
Index of Statue Locations
689
Outside the US
696
General Index
697
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