Zivilreligion - Moral und Grenzen einer Idee

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GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 36 pages
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Ethik, Note: 1,3, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena (Fakultat fur Sozial-und Verhaltenswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Einfuhrung in die Angewandte Ethik, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Mit dieser Hausarbeit mochte ich eine schlaglichtartige Beleuchtung ausgewahlter Aspekte zu dem Thema der Zivilreligion bzw. Civil Religion geben. Im ersten Abschnitt wird versucht den Begriff der Zivilreligion umfassend darzustellen und dessen Voraussetzungen zu klaren. Der zweite Abschnitt erlautert die mit der Zivilreligion verknupften moralischen Werte und den Zusammenhang mit der Ideengeschichte des Kommunitarismus. Wozu das Konzept der Zivilreligion fahig ist und wo sich die Grenzen dieser Fahigkeiten befinden bzw. welche Merkmale der Zivilreligion einer kritischen Betrachtung bedurfen, soll im dritten Abschnitt geklart werden. Obwohl es mir wichtig ist, das Phanomen der Zivilreligion geografisch ubergreifend darzustellen, ist dies nicht moglich, ohne in dieser Arbeit haufig auf die beispielhafte Entwicklung in den USA zu verweisen, wo eine umfassende Civil Religion am ehesten zu finden ist. Daruber hinaus versuche ich die Abstraktheit des Modells durch veranschaulichende Beispiele innerhalb dieser Arbeit abzumildern. Unter den Autoren lege ich einen Schwerpunkt auf die Arbeiten von RICHARD N. BELLAH, der den Begriff mit seinem Aufsatz Civil Religion in America" aus dem Jahre 1967 pragte. Als Mensch vereinigt BELLAH die Seelen eines Wissenschaftlers und glaubigen Christen, was zur Folge hat, dass er der wissenschaftlichen Welterkenntnis (vgl. SCHIEDER 1987, S.85,86) eindeutige Grenzen zuweist, andererseits seine Erkenntnisse erst die Basis fur sein gesellschaftli-ches Engagement darstellen. Er will Zustande verandern, nicht nur analysieren. Seine Arbeiten sind in gewissen Masse selbstbezuglich. Dennoch, im Laufe der zeitgeschichtlichen Entwicklung und seiner eigenen menschlichen Reifung relativiert auch er viele seiner normativen An"
 

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Page 8 - It is one of the oldest of sociological generalizations that any coherent and viable society rests on a common set of moral understandings about good and bad, right and wrong, in the realm of individual and social action. It is almost as widely held that these common moral understandings must also in turn rest upon a common set of religious understandings that provide a picture of the universe in terms of which the moral understandings make sense.
Page 11 - Jr. that the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice, not just for the few, or the lucky, but for all people." Looking at our own society, we acknowledge again the all too frequent gaps between our ideals and our conduct. But as Americans in a time of war and global crisis, we are also suggesting that the best of what we too casually call "American values...
Page 3 - The cause we serve is right, because it is the cause of all mankind. The momentum of freedom in our world is unmistakable - and it is not carried forward by our power alone. We can trust in that greater power who guides the unfolding of the years. And in all that is to come, we can know that His purposes are just and true.
Page 10 - God" has clearly been a central symbol in the civil religion from the beginning and remains so today. This symbol is just as central to the civil religion as it is to Judaism or Christianity. In the late eighteenth century this posed no problem; even Tom Paine, contrary to his detractors, was not an atheist. From left to right and regardless of church or sect, all could accept the idea of God. But today, as even Time has recognized, the meaning of "God" is by no means so clear or so obvious.
Page 11 - To us, no other fact about this country is more important. Some people assert that these values are not universal at all, but instead derive particularly from Western, largely Christian civilization. They argue that to conceive of these values as universal is to deny the distinctiveness of other cultures. We disagree. We recognize our own civilization's achievements, but we believe that all people are created equal. We believe in the universal possibility and desirability of human freedom. We believe...
Page 3 - ... certain common elements of religious orientation that the great majority of Americans share. These have played a crucial role in the development of American institutions and still provide a religious dimension for the whole fabric of American life, including the political sphere. This public religious dimension is expressed in a set of beliefs, symbols, and rituals that I am calling the American civil religion.
Page 11 - ... directly and explicitly on the basis of universal human values. To us, no other fact about this country is more important. Some people assert that these values are not universal at all, but instead derive particularly from western, largely Christian civilization. They argue that to conceive of these values as universal is to deny the distinctiveness of other cultures.9 We disagree.
Page 3 - I think it should be clear from the text that I conceive of the central tradition of the American civil religion not as a form of national self-worship but as the subordination of the nation to ethical principles that transcend it and in terms of which it should be judged.
Page 3 - America is a nation with a mission. and that mission comes from our most basic beliefs. We have no desire to dominate. no ambitions of empire. Our aim is a democratic peace - a peace founded upon the dignity and rights of every man and woman.

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