valuing access to water- a spatial hedonic approach applied to indian cities
An important infrastructure policy issue for rapidly growing cities in developing countries is how to raise fiscal revenues to finance basic services in a fair and efficient manner. This paper applies hedonic analysis that explicitly accounts for spatial spillovers to derive the value of improved access to water in the Indian cities of Bhopal and Bangalore. The findings suggest that by looking at individual or private benefits only, the analysis may underestimate the overall social welfare from investing in service supply especially among the poorest residents. The paper further demonstrates how policy simulations based on these estimates help prioritize spatial targeting of interventions according to efficiency and equity criteria.
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access to water Anselin Arizona State University Availability by Ward average changes benefits Bhopal and Bangalore Change in Water changes in house cities of Bhopal Classic Community Tube computed confidence intervals days per week Deichmann dependent variable Descriptive Statistics direct effect Discrete Choice Analysis dotted line labeled dwelling unit effect that ignores epanechnikov Estimated MWTP Figure Florax HAC-ep Hand Pump hedonic analysis hedonic models hedonic price House characteristics house rents house values households with less ignores the multiplier Increase of 33 Indian cities Indicator variable Lall marginal willingness multiplier effect neighbors non-spatial Number of Bathrooms Number of Rooms ofthe OLS estimate point estimate predicted value public services Research Working Paper spatial dependence spatial econometric spatial lag model spatial model specification standard errors Table AA1 Toilet-Sewer total effect Total With Multiplier uniform increase Urban Economics valuation vector water availability days WATER DPW White willingness to pay World Bank
Page i - The remainder of the paper is structured as follows. The next section develops our process model and reviews the definitions of the testing preorders and the prebisimulation preorder.