Alexander Hamilton: The Formative Years

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Eleftheria Publishing, Jul 1, 2015 - Biography & Autobiography - 774 pages
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 Even though Alexander Hamilton was among the most important Founding Fathers, less is known about his early life than that of any other major Founder. Relatively few records have been found regarding Hamilton’s birth, childhood, and origins in the West Indies. Alexander Hamilton “rarely . . . dwelt upon his personal history” and never recorded his life’s story. Most of Hamilton’s correspondence prior to 1777 was lost during the American Revolution. This has resulted in many gaps in Alexander Hamilton’s biography, which has given rise to much conjecture regarding the details of his life. Relying on new research and extensive analysis of the existing literature, Michael E. Newton presents a more comprehensive and accurate account of Alexander Hamilton’s formative years.

 Despite being orphaned as a young boy and having his birth be “the subject of the most humiliating criticism,” Alexander Hamilton used his intelligence, determination, and charisma to overcome his questionable origins and desperate situation. As a mere child, Hamilton went to work for a West Indian mercantile company. Within a few short years, Hamilton was managing the firm’s St. Croix operations. Gaining the attention of the island’s leading men, Hamilton was sent to mainland North America for an education, where he immediately fell in with the country’s leading patriots. After using his pen to defend the civil liberties of the Americans against British infringements, Hamilton took up arms in the defense of those rights. Earning distinction in the campaign of 1776–77 at the head of an artillery company, Hamilton attracted the attention of General George Washington, who made him his aide-de-camp. Alexander Hamilton was soon writing some of Washington’s most important correspondence, advising the commander-in-chief on crucial military and political matters, carrying out urgent missions, conferring with French allies, negotiating with the British, and helping Washington manage his spy network. As Washington later attested, Hamilton had become his “principal and most confidential aid.” After serving the commander-in-chief for four years, Hamilton was given a field command and led the assault on Redoubt Ten at Yorktown, the critical engagement in the decisive battle of the War for Independence. By the age of just twenty-five, Alexander Hamilton had proven himself to be one of the most intelligent, brave, hard-working, and patriotic Americans.

 Alexander Hamilton: The Formative Years tells the dramatic story of how this poor immigrant emerged from obscurity and transformed himself into the most remarkable Founding Father. In riveting detail, Michael E. Newton delivers a fresh and fascinating account of Alexander Hamilton’s origins, youth, and indispensable services during the American Revolution.

 

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Contents

Preface
1
origins
7
Aug 12 1718 John Fawcett and mary uppington Alexander
9
birth and Parentage
19
A west indian youth
36
Feb 19 1768 rachael Fawcett dies Alexander Hamilton moves
39
take up my Pen
50
moving to mainland north America
57
valley Forge and baron von Steuben
230
most damnably deficient
241
the conway cabal
257
the battle of monmouth
276
charles lees courtmartial
286
Affairs of Honor
294
Party business going on Again
307
the blackest treason
316

extremely Attentive to His books
64
Hamilton enters kings college as a private
69
Strong Prejudices
76
Joining the Political debate
82
Jul 6 1774 the great meeting in the fields
87
A Full Vindication of the Measures of the Congress
90
The Farmer Refuted
96
oracle of the revolution
105
An Active whig
112
defending loyalists
118
liberty or death
127
Artillery captain
134
Jul 12 1776 Hamiltons artillery company fires cannon at
144
the battle for new york
153
Aug 27 1776 battle of long island
155
Sep 15 1776 british take new york city
161
oct 28 1776 battle of chattertons Hill white Plains
168
mad march through the Jerseys
174
First Aid de camp of general washington
186
the battle for Philadelphia
204
Hamiltons important mission northward
219
An Amiable woman Frantic
338
Poor André Suffers today
345
the Friendship of France is our Unum Necessarium
357
Prisoner exchange negotiations
373
His excellencys Secret Service
384
not Sufficiently known
409
An open rupture
423
As if nothing Had Happened
440
the Hamiltonwashington wartime relationship
446
winning a Field command
453
besieging yorktown
459
the capture of redoubts nine and ten
479
it is All over
494
Prepare the way for Futurity
503
Acknowledgments
506
Authors note
509
notes and citations
511
bibliography
729
index
747
Copyright

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About the author (2015)

Michael E. Newton graduated summa cum laude with honors and multiple degrees from Arizona State University. He is the author of The Path To Tyranny, Angry Mobs and Founding Fathers, and Alexander Hamilton: The Formative Years.

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