Up against caste: comparative study of Ambedkar and Periyar
"The struggle for social justice and human rights in India is inextricably linked to the question of caste and caste-based social structure which continue to be what Marx had termed decisive impediments to Indias progress. Struggles against caste and the caste system have a long history. In modern times, the contributions of B.R. Ambedkar and E.V. Ramasami (popularly known as Periyar) are particularly significant. Ambedkar, hailing from an untouchable caste background, was the pioneer in teaching the untouchables the art of using political weapons for the betterment of their conditions. Through his scholarly works and social and political struggles, Ambedkar challenged the Brahminical order of society and sought to uphold the basic human rights of the depressed classes. E.V. Ramasamis contributions were no less significant. The imprint of his struggles are to be found in the social and political spheres of the Tamil region in southern India. His challenge to Brahminism was sought t
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Adi Dravidas agenda agitation Ambedkar and EVR Ambedkarite B.R. Ambedkar B.S. Chandrababu Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings Brahminical British Buddha Buddhism caste Hindus caste system caste-based discrimination Chennai Committee communists Conference Against Racism Constitution conversion cultural Dalit Dalit Movement Dalits in India Delhi demands democratic Depressed Classes Dhamma Dr Ambedkar Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Dravidian economic Eleanor Zelliot equality EVR's exploitation fact Gail Omvedt Gandhi Gandhian Geetha and S.V. Ghanshyam Shah Government of Maharashtra Hinduism human rights Ibid ideology Indian National Congress International issue Justice Party khadi Kolkata Kudi Arasu labour large numbers leaders Madras Mahad Mahars Marxist mobilise Mumbai Muslim non-Brahmin noted oppressed organised Periyar programmes recognise reform religion religious resolution Round Table Conference S.V. Rajadurai Samadharma satyagraha SC and ST Scheduled Castes self-respect marriages Self-Respect Movement Shudras Singaravellu socialist society socio-economic struggle Tamil Nadu temple entry United Nations Viduthalai village WCAR women Writings and Speeches