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abbey agricultural labourers amongst amusements barons became Black Death brought caused Celts centre charter church clergy cloth coinage common companies condition Corn Laws cotton court craft gilds custom distress districts drunkenness Edward Edward III eighteenth century England English evil export fair farmers favoured feasts feudal folkland forbidden foreign freemen frequent gave gentry gilds granted grew growth Henry Henry VIII houses important improvement increased industry king knights ladies land learning lived Livery Companies Lollard London lord manor manorial manufacture masters ment Merchant Gild middle classes middle English misery monasteries monks nobles ordered parish Parliament passed Poor Law poor rates profits prosperity Puritan Reform regulations reign religious remained rich rise rose round sac and soc schools Staple statute streets sufferings thegns towns township trade villages villein villenage wages Walter de Merton wealth weavers whilst women wool workhouses
Page 40 - ... not to the clergy, not to the bishop, not to the chapter, nor to any great minister at court ; but amongst the married laymen, to the Company of Mercers, men of probity and reputation. And when he was asked the reason of so committing...
Page 53 - Provided always, that every man or woman, of what estate or condition that he be, shall be free to set their son or daughter to take learning at any manner school that pleaseth them within the Realm.
Page 70 - Lastly, a man cannot more freely command at home in his own house, than he may do in his inn, and at parting if he give some few pence to the chamberlain and ostler, they wish him a happy journey.
Page 75 - To behold the vain and foolish light fashions of apparel used of Englishmen ' in their apparel, among us, it is too much wonderful. I think no realm in the world, no, not among the Turks and Saracens, doth so much in the vanity of their apparel, as the Englishmen do at this present Their coat must be made after the Italian fashion, their cloak after the use of the Spaniards, their gown after the manner of the Turks : their cap must be of the French fashion ; and at the last their dagger must be Scottish...
Page 117 - Retailers of gin were accustomed to hang out painted boards announcing that their customers could be made drunk for a penny, and dead drunk for twopence, and should have straw for nothing ; and cellars strewn with straw were accordingly provided, into which those who had become insensible were dragged, and where they remained till they had sufficiently recovered to renew their orgies.
Page 55 - Op. cit., infra, p. 156, fn. 6. graziers. While they study for their own private commodity, the common weal is like to decay ... So they may be enriched they care not who be impoverished. They are right brothers of Cain, which had rather slay his brother Abel, than that he should have any part with him of worldly...