Observations on the parentage of Gundreda, the daughter of William, duke of Normandy. Repr. with additions from Cumb. and Westmorl. soc. trans, Volume 1

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Excellent, dispels myths about Gundred’s parentage concisely and expertly

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Page 8 - Here lalckid a quayre or ii. in the olde Englisch booke of the nobile actes of the Guarines, and these thinges that folow, I translatid owte of an olde French historie yn rime of the actes of the Guarines onto the death of Fulco the 2.
Page 15 - This princess," says Ordericus Vitalis, " who derived her descent from the kings of France and emperors of Germany, was even more distinguished for the purity of her mind and manners than for her illustrious lineage. As a queen she was munificent, and liberal of her gifts. She united beauty with gentle breeding and all the graces of Christian holiness. While the victorious arms of her illustrious spouse subdued...
Page 14 - ... that although it has been said that she died in her thirty-fifth year, she might thus have been the offspring of a marriage in 1049, though scarcely at the date of 1053. That William of Normandy was Matilda's first and only husband is plain from the following facts.
Page 4 - ... Lewes Priory, still extant, which are incontestably clear, and of themselves sufficient to refute any doubt on this subject. As a question of history, it is a matter of regret, and to ourselves of supreme astonishment, that the arguments which of late years have been set forth by the late Mr. Blaauw,! to whom the merit is due of having so successfully controverted the attempt to cast a doubt on the parentage of Gundreda, as the Conqueror's daughter, should not long since have settled this disputed...
Page 18 - Fostered she was With milk of Irish breast ; her sire an Earl, her dame of Prince's blood." [Surrey.] Again, Bacon : — The Duke of Bretaigne having been a host or a kind of parent or foster father to the king, in his tenderness of age and weakness of fortune, did look for aid this time from King Henry.
Page 14 - Domesday [B. vol. i., fo. 1oo] we know that Queen Matilda had conferred upon her the lands of the Saxon noble Brictric (Brihtrik or Bric'trich Mau), the son of Earl Algar. [Intro. Domesd. i. 452.] Thierry mentions her name as the first inscribed on the partition roll of the territory of England, receiving as her portion this same Saxon's lands. It is recorded of her, that being in love with the young noble in question, when a representative at her father's court from King Edward (the Confessor),...
Page 16 - has been used in the sense of " seur de lait," for these reasons. In old (and Norman) French " seurer " signifies to wean from suck ; (seuree, weaned from suck ; qui est seure, that is weaned). We know apart from this, that " soror " is often used figuratively, but inasmuch as the old Norman French of Vitalis's time would readily suggest " soror," so are we convinced that the term is used by him without respect to consanguinity.
Page 6 - Conqueror," and again in stating the grant of the Earldom of Surrey to have been conferred in that monarch's time, whereas it was bestowed in that of his son Rufus. The foundation charter of the Priory of Lewes, dedicated to St. Pancras, expressly states Gundreda to have been the Queen's Daughter ; the words of William de Warenne on the occasion of his founding that house, indubitably prove Queen Matilda to have been her mother, and can be taken in no other...
Page 17 - Tuscan came my lady's worthy race, Fair Florence was sometime her ancient seat, The western isle whose pleasant shore doth face Wild Camber's cliffs did give her lively heat; Fostered she was with milk of Irish breast, Her sire an earl, her dame of princes' blood; From tender years in Britain she doth rest With king's child, where she tasteth costly food.
Page 12 - The reasons which the French editor of the " Roman de Rou " assigns for the incorrectness of the date (viz. 1053), although adduced in respect of Agatha, another daughter of the Conqueror, apply with equal force to Gundreda. We know from Wace's Chronicle that the Conqueror called for, and mounted before the Battle of Hastings, his Spanish war horse : — Sun boen cheval fist demander, Ne poeit Ten meillor trover ; D'Espaigne li out enveie Un Reis par mult grant amisti4.

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