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Human Nature and Morals: According to Auguste Comte With Notes Illustrative ...
John K. Ingram
No preview available - 2018
Abstract Science action acts affective motors altruistic impulses anatomical animal races ascertained Atheism attained Auguste Comte basis benevolence Biology brain cerebellum Cerebral Physiology character Comparative Method Comte Comte's conception Concrete conduct constitution Contemplation corresponding Descartes Desire of Approbation determine distinct doctrine egoistic elementary elementary function elements especially essential existence fact feeling Final Causes fundamental Gall habitually History of Physiology Human Nature individual inductions instinct intellectual faculties intellectual functions intellectual powers irreducible J. S. Mill lative latter laws less maternal instinct Meditation memory ment mental metaphysical metaphysical stage method mind mode moral and intellectual necessary objects observation passions phenomena philosophical Phrenology point of view Positive Positivism Positivist present question recognised regarded region relation Religion respect says scientific seat self-love sentiments Social Statics society Sociology sometimes spontaneous subordination sufficient tendencies theological theory tion true unity whilst whole words
Page 73 - Let it be allowed, though virtue or moral rectitude does indeed consist in affection to and pursuit of what is right and good, as such ; yet, that when we sit down in a cool hour, we can neither justify to ourselves this or any other pursuit, till we are convinced that it will be for our happiness, or at least not contrary to it.
Page 113 - We must therefore glean up our experiments in this science from a cautious observation of human life, and take them as they appear in the common course of the world, by men's behaviour in company, in affairs, and in their pleasures. Where experiments of this kind are judiciously collected and compared, we may hope to establish on them a science, which will not be inferior in certainty, and will be much superior in utility to any other of human comprehension.
Page 87 - The cause, then, philosophically speaking, is the sum total of the conditions, positive and negative, taken together; the whole of the contingencies of every description, which being realized, the consequent invariably follows.
Page 65 - That mankind is a community, that we all stand in a relation to each other, that there is a public end and interest of society which each particular is obliged to promote, is the sum of morals.
Page 50 - No man can serve two masters, ye cannot serve God and mammon
Page 112 - Moral philosophy has, indeed, this peculiar disadvantage, which is not found in natural, that in collecting its experiments, it cannot make them purposely, with premeditation, and after such a manner as to satisfy itself concerning every particular difficulty which may be.
Page 66 - Reason alone, whatever any one may wish, is not, in reality, a sufficient motive of virtue in such a creature as man ; but this reason, joined with those affections which God has impressed upon his heart : And when these are allowed scope to exercise themselves, but under strict government and direction of reason ; then it is we act suitably to our nature, and to the circumstances God has placed us in.
Page 64 - I answer: it has been proved that man by his nature is a law to himself, without the particular distinct consideration of the positive sanctions of that law ; the rewards and punishments which we feel, and those which from the light of reason we have ground to believe, are annexed to it. The question then carries its own answer along with it. Your obligation to obey this law, is its being the law of your nature. That your conscience approves of and attests to such a course of action, is itself alone...
Page 31 - THE parts of human learning have reference to the three parts of man's Understanding, which is the seat of learning : History to his Memory, Poesy to his Imagination, and Philosophy to his Reason.