A Union Against Unions: The Minneapolis Citizens Alliance and Its Fight Against Organized Labor, 1903-1947

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Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2003 - History - 540 pages
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A groundbreaking labour study, this book offers a detailed portrait of the Citizens Alliance (CA), a union of Minneapolis business owners, which employed any means necessary to squelch the power of organised labour. The association blacklisted union workers, ran a spy network to ferret out union activity, and, when necessary, raised a private army to crush its opposition with brute force. The influence of the CA also reached across the state to battle socialists, labour unions, the Non-partisan League, and the Industrial Workers of the World. The book examines the philosophies and tactics of the Citizens Alliance from its inception in 1903 to the passage of the Labour Management Relations Act of 1947, legislation that effectively inhibited the power of unions. Based on over ten years of meticulous archival research, this book delves into such subjects as the founding of the William Hood Dunwoody Industrial Institute; the 1917 Streetcar Strike and the 1934 Teamsters' Strike; and the CA's collaboration with the Commission of Public Safety, Northwest Bancorporation, the courts, and the military. Both a business history and a labor history, "A Union Against Unions" offers a comprehensive picture of the CA's campaign against organised labour and a fascinating view of Minnesota history during the first half of the twentieth century.
 

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Contents

An Ideology Takes Root
3
Organizing Minneapolis Business for the Open Shop I
17
A Declaration of Class Warfare
30
Controlling P0blic Affairs
42
An Industrial Institute for Openshop Workers
59
The CAs Oligarchy and the Minneapolis Renaissance
74
The Yeor of Emerging Threats
87
The Minnesota Coup
102
I6 A Social Agenda for an Openshop City
244
I7 The CA and the ?934 Teamsters Stnke
264
I8 Regrouping for Labors Second Onslaught
289
I9 The Birth of Associated Industries
306
Taming the Red Menace
323
2I Creating a New Era
343
Epilogue
363
Citizens Alliance and Associated Industries
372

I0 Saving Minnesota from Radicals 1 43
148
The EstofaIishment of the American Plan
181
I3 Guarding on Empire
213
Citizens Alliance I904 Membership List
378
Minneapolis Civic and Commerce Association
387
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About the author (2003)

William Millkan is an independent scholar and freelance writer. Three of his articles have been published in Minnesota History, each of them earning the Solon J. Buck Award for best article of the year.

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