The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor
In The System of Professions Andrew Abbott explores central questions about the role of professions in modern life: Why should there be occupational groups controlling expert knowledge? Where and why did groups such as law and medicine achieve their power? Will professionalism spread throughout the occupational world? While most inquiries in this field study one profession at a time, Abbott here considers the system of professions as a whole. Through comparative and historical study of the professions in nineteenth- and twentieth-century England, France, and America, Abbott builds a general theory of how and why professionals evolve.
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Abbott abstract academic analysis arena association barristers British career central chapter classiﬁcation clergy client differentiation competitors conﬂict corporate cost accounting created cultural deﬁned deﬁnition demand diagnosis discussed disease division of labor doctors dominant professions effects efﬁciency elite engineering England ethics codes example expansion expertise external fact fessional ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrms ﬁrst forces formal French function grandes écoles groups hospitals important individual inference internal interprofessional competition invasion involved jurisdic jurisdiction jurisdictional claims lawyers legitimacy legitimation librarians Manteno ment mental moral therapy neurologists neurology nineteenth century ofﬁcial oligarchy organizational organizations PABA particular pattern percent personal problems practice profes professional dominance professional knowledge psychiatrists psychotherapy reﬂected relations schools scientiﬁc sional sions social workers society solicitors sources speciﬁc status structure subordinate system of professions task areas theory tion treatment various workplace