Ethics of Humanitarian Interventions
Humanitarian Interventions -- that sounds nice; much nicer than wars, battles and use of military force. Foremost, the phrase makes you think of the delivery of sanitary goods, medication, of soup-kitchens. Here we are not supposed to think of interventions of this kind; we have to have humanitarian interventions in mind which are humanitarian intervention-wars. 1) At exactly what point is the use of military force a humanitarian intervention? What is the humanitarian aspect of those interventions? Their occasion? Their motive? Their alleged as well as their actual consequences?; 2) At exactly what point are humanitarian intervention-wars morally justifiable? Are they justifiable even if they are wars of aggression breaching international law?; and finally 3) Was the war which was presented to us as the paradigmatic example of a humanitarian-intervention-war, that is: the war in Kosovo in the spring of 1999 (with over 37,000 bombing missions), really justifiable as a humanitarian intervention? Many of us wanted to believe so at the time. Does our ex ante judgement hold today in an ex post reflection? And which lessons for the future should we learn from the success or failure of this humanitarian war? These are the questions proposed in this book; therefore, it is concerned with problems of semantics (part 1), problems of moral assessment (part 2) and with the moral, legal and political conclusions we draw from our experiences with the war in Kosovo, our primary example of a humanitarian intervention (part 3). International experts in the areas of philosophy, international law, sociology and peace studies debated these questions vigorously for several days. This is the resulting volume. Contribution from: Rüdiger Bittner, Uwe Czaniera, Martin Frank, Johan Galtung, Dieter S. Lutz, Georg Meggle, Thomas Mertens, Seumas Miller, Olaf L. Müller, Aleksandar Pavkovic, Walter Pfannkuche, Miroslav Prokopjievic, Hajo Schmidt, Rudolf Schüssler, Reiner Steinweg, Ulrich Steinvorth, Ralf Stoecker, Michael Walzer, Véronique Zanetti.
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