Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation

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Peter Hammerstein
MIT Press, 2003 - Business & Economics - 485 pages
2 Reviews

The latest interdisciplinary research on the evolutionary models of cooperation.

Current thinking in evolutionary biology holds that competition among individuals is the key to understanding natural selection. When competition exists, it is obvious that conflict arises; the emergence of cooperation, however, is less straightforward and calls for in-depth analysis. Much research is now focused on defining and expanding the evolutionary models of cooperation. Understanding the mechanisms of cooperation has relevance for fields other than biology. Anthropology, economics, mathematics, political science, primatology, and psychology are adopting the evolutionary approach and developing analogies based on it. Similarly, biologists use elements of economic game theory and analyze cooperation in "evolutionary games." Despite this, exchanges between researchers in these different disciplines have been limited. Seeking to fill this gap, the 90th Dahlem Workshop was convened. This book, which grew out of that meeting, addresses such topics as emotions in human cooperation, reciprocity, biological markets, cooperation and conflict in multicellularity, genomic and intercellular cooperation, the origins of human cooperation, and the cultural evolution of cooperation; the emphasis is on open questions and future research areas. The book makes a significant contribution to a growing process of interdisciplinary cross-fertilization on this issue.

 

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Contents

Understanding Cooperation An Interdisciplinary Challenge
1
The Strategy of Affect Emotions in Human Cooperation
7
Cooperation without Counting The Puzzle of Friendship
37
Is Strong Reciprocity a Maladaptation? On the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism
55
Why Is Reciprocity So Rare in Social Animals? A Protestant Appeal
83
The Bargaining Model of Depression
95
Group Report The Role of Cognition and Emotion in Cooperation
125
Does Market Theory Apply to Biology?
153
Power in the Genome Who Suppresses the Outlaw?
257
The Transition from Single Cells to Multicellularity
271
Cooperation and Conflict Mediation during the Origin of Multicellularity
291
Mitochondria and Programmed Cell Death Slave Revolt or Community Homeostasis?
309
Group Report Cooperation and Conflict in the Evolution of Genomes Cells and Multicellular Organisms
327
Cultural Evolution of Human Cooperation
357
The Power of Norms
389
Human Cooperation Perspectives from Behavioral Ecology
401

Biological Markets The Ubiquitous Influence of Partner Choice on the Dynamics of Cleaner FishClient Reef Fish Interactions
167
The Scope for Exploitation within Mutualistic Interactions
185
Byproduct Benefits Reciprocity and Pseudoreciprocity in Mutualism
203
The Red King Effect Evolutionary Rates and the Division of Surpluses in Mutualisms
223
Group Report Interspecific MutualismPuzzles and Predictions
241
Origins of Human Cooperation
429
Group Report The Cultural and Genetic Evolution of Human Cooperation
445
Name Index
469
Subject Index
479
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About the author (2003)

Peter Hammerstein is Professor in Organismic Evolution at the Institute for Theoretical Biology at Humboldt University, Berlin and an external member of the interdisciplinary Santa Fe Institute.

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