The Second Boer War, 1899-1900, Volume 1

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Hudson-Kimberly Publishing Company, 1901 - South African War, 1899-1902 - 270 pages
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Page 9 - ... British sent a fleet to support the authority of the Prince of Orange, and took possession of the country in his name As, however, it was evident that Holland would not be able to hold it, and that at a general peace it would be made over to England, it was ruled by British governors till the year 1802, when, at the peace of Amiens, it was again restored to Holland. In 1806, on the renewal of the war, it was again taken by the British under Sir David Baird, and has since remained in their possession,...
Page 9 - ... His countrymen, however, attracted by the riches of the East, made no permanent settlement at the Cape, although they frequently touched there on the voyage to India. But the Dutch, who, on the decline of the Portuguese power, established themselves in the East, early saw the importance of the place as a station where their vessels might take in water and provisions. They did not, however...
Page 32 - As it was, the British frittered away their forces in advance guard and outpost affairs which had no effect on the advance of the Boer main columns. General White's success at Elandslaagte was decisive, but it only reestablished a communication which had been unnecessarily lost, and it gave the Boer columns more time to complete their strategic plans and concentric march. Considered by itself, however, it was a well-planned and splendidly executed action. General Yule's night march from Glencoe,...
Page 63 - ... of about 8 miles, Colenso village being in the center. All these ridges and kopjes were intrenched, and upon many of them the Boers had planted guns. Although the principal Boer position was on the northern bank of the river, they also occupied the southern bank east of the railroad, resting their left flank upon Hlangwane Hill, an isolated hill, which took in flank any movement upon Coleuso.
Page 9 - Kaffirs, and in 1780 they extended their frontier to the Great Fish river. In 1795 the colonists, having imbibed the revolutionary principles then prevailing in Europe, attempted to throw off the yoke of the Dutch, upon which the British sent a fleet to support the authority of the prince of Orange, and took possession of the country in his name. As, however, it was evident that Holland would not be able to hold it, and that at a general peace it would be made over to England, it was ruled by British...
Page 218 - Mauser bullet goes through bones like a needle, and only at close ranges (up to 500 yards) does it shatter the larger bones, while breast wounds heal readily. Amputations are rarely necessary. Losses in Battle. One of the most interesting features connected with improvements in fire-arms is the fact that the losses in battle constantly grow smaller. The following table will illustrate this: Percentage Percentage of killed and nf the killed wounded.
Page 34 - Any other nation, under similar circumstances, might have made the same mistake, and yet history teaches us that wars against irregular troops, defending their country and their homes, are always to be rated among the most difficult undertakings. And when in addition the nation attacking has to do so over a long line of communications, extending across the ocean for thousands of miles, and against a nation well led, and fully armed and prepared, the difficulties increase a thousand-fold.
Page 216 - ... their fire; moreover, they were afraid to risk a stand-up fight. It has been urged that field guns are not intended to engage siege guns; but the British guns frequently failed to reach even the Boer field guns when the latter could reach them. The 5-inch field howitzer had a range of only 4,900 yards, and frequently failed to be of use on that account. At Venters Spruit something might have been done to assist the British...
Page 22 - Hill, and at 5:30 am opened the attack. The advance of the Boers is open to the criticism that in subdividing into so many columns they exposed themselves to the danger of being separately attacked and destroyed before they could reunite, but in all probability the explanation of their action lies in the fact that this subdivision was forced upon them by the nature of the country and the character of the roads. By October 20th the left wing of the Boers had arrive 1 in position: their strategical...
Page 34 - ... can furnish decisive results. In this early stage of the campaign the offensive is largely with the Boers, yet even here the limitations of their offensive power, — in failing to strike hard when they had the opportunity, and more especially in neglecting that other essential element of the offensive, pursuit, — is but too apparent. Another important principle of the art of war is the correct estimation of the enemy's preparedness and strength.

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