Native Peoples of the Gulf Coast of Mexico

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Alan R. Sandstrom, Enrique Hugo Garc’a Valencia
University of Arizona Press, 2005 - History - 335 pages
For too long, the Gulf Coast of Mexico has been dismissed by scholars as peripheral to the Mesoamerican heartland, but researchers now recognize that much can be learned from this regionÕs cultures. Peoples of the Gulf CoastÑparticularly those in Veracruz and TabascoÑshare so many historical experiences and cultural features that they can fruitfully be viewed as a regional unit for research and analysis. Native Peoples of the Gulf Coast of Mexico is the first book to argue that the people of this region constitute a culture area distinct from other parts of Mexico. A pioneering effort by a team of international scholars who summarize hundreds of years of history, this encyclopedic work chronicles the prehistory, ethnohistory, and contemporary issues surrounding the many and varied peoples of the Gulf Coast, bringing together research on cultural groups about which little or only scattered information has been published. The volume includes discussions of the prehispanic period of the Gulf Coast, the ethnohistory of many of the neglected indigenous groups of Veracruz and the Huasteca, the settlement of the American Mediterranean, and the unique geographical and ecological context of the Chontal Maya of Tabasco. It provides descriptions of the Popoluca, Gulf Coast Nahua, Totonac, Tepehua, Sierra „Šh–u (Otom’), and Huastec Maya. Each chapter contains a discussion of each groupÕs language, subsistence and settlement patterns, social organization, belief systems, and history of acculturation, and also examines contemporary challenges to the future of each native people. As these contributions reveal, Gulf Coast peoples share not only major cultural features but also historical experiences, such as domination by Hispanic elites beginning in the sixteenth century and subjection to forces of change in Mexico. Yet as contemporary people have been affected by factors such as economic development, increased emigration, and the spread of Protestantism, traditional cultures have become rallying points for ethnic identity. Native Peoples of the Gulf Coast of Mexico highlights the significance of the Gulf Coast for anyone interested in the great encuentro between the Old and New Worlds and general processes of culture change. By revealing the degree to which these cultures have converged, it represents a major step toward achieving a broader understanding of the peoples of this region and will be an important reference work on these indigenous populations for years to come.

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The Indigenous Cultures of Gulf Coast Mexico
The Cultural Mosaic of the Gulf Coast during the Pre
The Ethnohistory of Southern Veracruz
The Ethnohistory of the Huasteca
The American Mediterranean
The Chontal Maya of Tabasco
The Popoluca
The Gulf Coast Nahua
The Totonac
The Huastec Maya
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About the Contributors

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About the author (2005)

Alan R. Sandstrom is Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne and author of Corn Is Our Blood: Culture and Ethnic Identity in a Contemporary Aztec Indian Village. E. Hugo Garc’a Valencia is a full-time researcher for the Instituto Nacional de Antropolog’a e Historia (INAH) of Mexico and author of Tenochtitl‡n y Palenque: Artistas, poder y arte prehisp‡nico.

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