Tense-Aspect: Between semantics & pragmatics

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Paul J. Hopper
John Benjamins Publishing Company, Jan 1, 1982 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 350 pages
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The verbal categories of tense and aspect have been studied traditionally from the point of view of their reference to the timing and time-perspective of the speaker s reported experience. They are universal categories both in terms of the semantic-functional domain they cover as well as in terms of their syntactic and morphological realization. Nevertheless, their treatment in contemporary linguistics is often restricted and narrow based, often involving mere recapitulatoin of traditional semantic and morphotactic studies.
The present volume arises out of a symposium held at UCLA in May 1979, in which a group of linguists gathered to re-open the subject of tense-and-aspect from a variety of perspectives, including in addition to the traditional semantics also discourse-pragmatics, psycholinguistics, child language, Creolization and diachronic change. The languages discussed in this volume include Russian, Turkish, English, Indonesian, Ameslan, Eskimo, various Creoles, Mandari, Hebrew, Bantu and others. The emphasis throughout is not only on the description of language-specific tense-aspect phenomenon, but more on the search for universal categories and principles which underlie the cross-language variety of tense and aspect. In particular, many of the participants address themselves to the relationship between propositional-semantics and discourse-pragmatics, in so far as these two functional domains interact within tense-aspect systems.
 

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Contents

AN INTRODUCTORY ESSAY FOR THE VOLUME
3
THE MANDARIN PARTICLE LE
19
THE FUNCTION OF INUKTITUT VERB MODES IN NARRATIVE TEXTS
45
ASPECT IN CONVERSATIONAL INDONESIAN
65
II THE CREATION OF TENSE AND ASPECT
89
PARALLELS BETWEEN SIGNED AND SPOKEN LANGUAGES
91
THE CREOLE PROTOTYPE AND BEYOND
115
III TENSE AND ASPECT AS COGNITIVE CATEGORIES
165
THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS OF LINGUISTIC CATEGORIES
201
IV TENSE AND ASPECT AS SEMANTIC AND GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES
225
THE PERFECT AS A UNIVERSAL AND AS A LANGUAGESPECIFIC CATEGORY
227
REMARKS ON ENGLISH ASPECT
265
INVARIANCE AND THE SYNTAX OF RUSSIAN ASPECT
305
V AFTERWORD
333
ON CROSSLINGUISTIC CATEGORIES AND RELATED PROBLEMS A Discussants Notes on the TenseAspect Symposium
335
INDEX TO REFERENCES
347

ASPECT TRANSITIVITY AND VIEWPOINT
167
TENSE ASPECT AND MODALITY IN THE USE OF THE TURKISH EVIDENTIAL
185

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About the author (1982)

Paul J. Hopper is Thomas S. Baker Professor of English and Linguistics at Carnegie Mellon University. His publications include Grammaticalization (co-authored with Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge, 1993), A Short Course in Grammar (1999), The Limits of Grammaticalization (co-edited with Anna Giacalone-Ramat, 1998) and Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure (co-edited with Joan Bybee, 2001).

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