Long Road to Recovery; Community Responses to Industrial Disaster

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United Nations University Press, 1996 - Technology & Engineering - 307 pages
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This book examines community responses to types of industrial disasters that, going far beyond the routine, constitute " surprise" disasters. These disasters are producing unprecedented consequences, and they are emerging faster and lasting longer than ever before. This conclusion is the result of long-term case-studies of seven highly publicized industrial disasters that occurred between 1949 and 1989--the mercury contamination in Minamata, Japan; the underground fires in Centralia, Pennsylvania; the airborn dioxin release at Seveso, Italy; the poison gas cloud in Bhopal, India; the nuclear reactor fire at Chernobyl, Ukraine; the destruction of Iran's oil facilities during the war with Iraq; and the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska. The book stresses the need for long-term post-disaster assessment and the creation of information clearing-houses that focus on industrial disaster surprises. These and other proposals show how recovery systems can accommodate the lingering impacts of chronic industrial disasters and the unpredictable changes ahead.

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About the author (1996)

James K. Mitchell, ScD, is University Distinguished Professor Emeritus in Civil Engineering at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and Cahill Professor of Civil Engineering, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley. He serves as a consultant on geotechnical problems and projects to many governmental and private organizations. He is an Honorary Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and was elected to both the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and Academy of Sciences.

Kenichi Soga, PhD, is Reader in Geomechanics. He has been on the faculty at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, since 1994. He is an editorial board member of Geotechnique, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, and Soils and Foundations. He also serves as a member of Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Peer Review College and a core member of the Technical Committee on Geotechnics of Particulate Media of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.

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