Archaeology and Apprenticeship: Body Knowledge, Identity, and Communities of Practice
University of Arizona Press, Jan 1, 2013 - Social Science - 264 pages
Archaeologists study a wide array of material remains to propose conclusions about non-material aspects of culture. The intricacies of these findings have increased over recent decades, but only limited attention has been paid to what the archaeological record can tell us about the transfer of cultural knowledge through apprenticeship.
Apprenticeship is broadly defined as the transmission of culture through a formal or informal teacher–pupil relationship. This collection invites a wide discussion, citing case studies from all over the world and yet focuses the scholarship into a concise set of contributions. The chapters in this volume demonstrate how archaeology can benefit greatly from the understanding of the social dimensions of knowledge transfer. This book also examines apprenticeship in archaeology against a backdrop of sociological and cognitive psychology literature, to enrich the understanding of the relationship between material remains and enculturation.
Each of the authors in this collection looks specifically at how material remains can reveal several specific aspects of ancient cultures: What is the human potential for learning? How do people learn? Who is teaching? Why are they learning? What are the results of such learning? How do we recognize knowledge transfer in the archaeological record? These fundamental questions are featured in various forms in all chapters of the book. With case studies from the American Southwest, Alaska, Egypt, Ancient Greece, and Mesopotamia, this book will have broad appeal for scholars—particularly those concerned with cultural transmission and traditions of learning and education—all over the world.
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3 Social Contexts of Learning and Individual Motor Performance John L Creese
The Craftmens Abstraction Harald Bentz Høgseth
Practical and Ritual Training among the Australian Aborigines Simon Holdaway and Harry Allen
HunterGatherers and Landscape Learning Marcy Rockman
7 Lithic Raw Material Availability and PalaeoEskimo Novice Flintknapping S Brooke Milne
8 Apprenticeship and Figured Ostraca from the Ancient Egyptian Village of Deir elMedina Kathlyn M Cooney
Reaching beyond the Masters Eleni Hasaki
The Case of Ancient Urkesh Marilyn Kelly Buccellati
11 Types of Learning in Apprenticeship Heather M L Miller
12 Writing Craftsmanship? Vocabularies and Notation Systems in the Transmission of Craft Knowledge Lise Bender Jørgensen
13 Recognizing Knowledge Transfer in the Archaeological Record Willeke Wendrich
About the Contributors
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Aboriginal action ancient ancient Greece Anthropology antiquity apprentice apprenticeship archaeological record Arctic artefacts artisans artists Baffin Island behavior bifaces Cambridge century BCE ceramic chapter chert clay cognitive community of practice context of learning craft apprenticeship craftsmen debitage decoration Deir el-Medina Dowayo Egyptian environment environmental ethnoarchaeological example experience experimental archaeology figured ostraca flake flintknapping formal Godal Greek Hasaki Høgseth Holdaway human hunter-gatherers individual involved kinesthetic knowledge transfer Kung LACMA landscape learning learning process lithic locations master material culture methods Milne novice observation ostracon painters Palaeo-Eskimo participation patterns period plaques pots potters pottery production Pueblo Ramesside Ramesside Period raw material Rockman San Idelfonso scrapers scribes sketches skill social context society southern Baffin Island stage stone style tablet tacit tacit knowledge techniques Technology tion tool stone tradition transmission types University Press Urkesh variability Wendrich Western workshop