Mounted Archers: The Beginnings of Central Asian History
Durham Academic Press, 1997 - 447 sider
Way back in the second century BC, on the remote north-western frontier of China, a tribe of mounted archers overran the land of another. Though a commonplace event in those days, this incident initiated a nomad migration which threw the whole of Central Asia into turmoil and led to the fall of a remarkable Greek kingdom in distant northern Afghanistan. Dr. Torday has painstakingly pieced together the trail and identity of the warlike tribes involved, using the evidence of contemporary Chinese annals, Greek authors, scattered coins, a few surviving names and some legends which have been recorded. We learn who the Huns really were, why the wolf and the bird who fed Romulus and Remus were also known in Siberia, how the horn came to be a symbol of might all over contemporary Eurasia, why the earliest Sarmatian tribes called themselves "men of the river" and how an early Indo-European language came to be spoken at the edge of the Taklamakan desert. Mounted Archers is the first monograph to cover the history of this migration from China to the Hindu Kush, and from its antecedents to the time when the migrants came to rule all the land from the Aral Sea to the mouth of the Ganges. It is a work on a scale every bit as epic as the journey it recreates.
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Spirits Mothers and Sky Gods
Questions of Identity
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Achaemenid Altaic An-hsi ancient Arachosia archaic army Asia Asiani Avestan Bactria barbarians basin century BC Ch‘ang-an Ch‘in Chang Chi-pin China Chinese Chou chronicles clan cognates coinage coins dialects dynasty early east eastem emperor ethnonym Eucratides evidence Ferghana ﬁfth ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve graphs Greek Hindu Kush Hou Han Shu hsi-hou Hsia Hsiung-nu identiﬁed India Indo-European Indo-Greek Indus inﬂuence Iranic jaxartes joumey K‘ang-chii K‘un-mo Kabul Kansu Karashahr king’s Kirghiz known land language later leam legend linguistic Lou-lan Mao-tun meaning Merv modem Mongol mountains nomads northem oases obverse original Oxus Pamirs Parthian Persian phonetic pronunciation Ptolemy’s reﬂected region retum river route Saka Sanskrit Scythian Shan-yii Shang Shih signiﬁcance Sogdiana sound-shifts sounds sources southem speciﬁcally steppes suffix syllable T‘ang T‘ien Shan Ta-yiian Ta-yuan Table Tarim Tarim basin transliteration Transoxania tribes tumed Turkic valley westem word Wu-sun Wu-ti Yiieh-shih