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A Political and Constitutional Study of the Cumberland Road
Jeremiah Simeon Young
No preview available - 2015
15th Cong 1st Sess 2d Sess Alton amendment Annals authority bonus bill Calhoun cede cent colonies commercial commissioners on location compact complete the road Congressional Debates consent of Congress Constitution constitutionality Cumberland Road Dayton and Eaton eminent domain erect toll-gates exemption exercise the right expended favor February 17 federal government fund Gallatin granted House Ibid Illinois implied powers Indiana interest internal improvements internal-improvements Jefferson Jefferson City land legislature levy Maryland ment Messages and Papers miles military road Miscellaneous State Papers Mississippi River Missouri Monroe Monroe's mountains National Road Ohio Company Ohio River Pennsylvania political post-roads Potomac Potomac company power to construct preservation President question resolution right of eminent roads and canals Senate Documents Statutes at Large surrender territory thought tion tolls tonnage duties transportation treasury U. S. Statutes Union Uniontown United Vandalia veto Virginia vote Washington western Wilderness Road Zanesville
Page 14 - The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and forever free, as well to the inhabitants of the said territory, as to the citizens of the United States, and those of any other states that may be admitted into the confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty therefor.
Page 51 - I particularly invite again their attention to the expediency of exercising their existing powers, and, where necessary, of resorting to the prescribed mode of enlarging them, in order to effectuate a comprehensive system of roads and canals...
Page 51 - We are great, and rapidly — I was about to say fearfully — growing!
Page 15 - ... leading from the navigable waters emptying into the Atlantic, to the Ohio, to the said state, and through the same, such roads to be laid out under the authority of Congress, with the consent of the several states through which the road shall pass...
Page 58 - ... deliberation which its great importance, and a just sense of my duty, required, and the result is a settled conviction in my mind that Congress do not possess the right. It is not contained in any of the specified powers granted to Congress, nor can I consider it incidental to, or a necessary mean, viewed on the most liberal scale, for carrying into effect any of the powers which are specifically granted.
Page 75 - It amounts to this, that those states are to offer a bonus of their own impoverishment, to create a vortex to swallow up our floating population. Look, sir, at the present aspect of the southern states. In no part of Europe will you see the same indications of decay. Deserted villages — houses falling to ruin — impoverished lands thrown out of cultivation.
Page 64 - A judicious system of roads and canals, constructed for the convenience of commerce and the transportation of the mail only, without any reference to military operations, is itself among the most efficient means for the ' more complete defence of the United States.
Page 58 - ... between them, by means of good roads and canals. Never did a country of such vast extent offer equal inducements to improvements of this kind, nor ever were consequences of such magnitude involved in them. As this subject was acted on by Congress at the last session, and there may be a disposition to revive it at...
Page 41 - That all officers appointed, or hereafter to be appointed under the authority of the United States, shall, before they act in their respective offices, take the same oath or affirmation, which shall be administered by the person or persons who shall be authorized by law to administer to such officers their respective oaths of office ; and such officers shall incur the same penalties in case of failure...